On Jun 19, 2007, at 5:33 PM, Brian, Geoff wrote:

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From: Bruce Jackson [mailto:[EMAIL PROTECTED] Sent: Tuesday, 19 June 2007 3:40 AM To: Giovanni A. Cignoni Cc: simstds@larc.nasa.gov Subject: Re: Discrete interpolation attribute (was New version of DAVEfunc DTD 1.9b3) On Jun 18, 2007, at 1:28 PM, Giovanni A. Cignoni wrote:The main change to the DTD is addition of 'discrete' as a supported interpolation method for tabular data, yielding a stair- step response from such a function. This came from a suggestion from Geoff Brian of Australia's DSTO."Discrete" interpolation is the method also known as "nearest neighbor"?Being x in [a, b], f(x) is f(a) or f(b) depending on x beingnearer toa or b. Correct? Thanks in advance, ciao, Giovanni Cignoni.This is a good question, Giovanni. I see that we need to be much morerigorous in our definition of 'discrete' as it applies to thesetables.I had assumed the interpretation would be as follows (I don'tthink thisis 'nearest-neighbor')...In the case of a one-dimensional function, if theindependentVarPts aredefined as [a, b, c, d] and an arbitrary griddedTable points are defined as [8.5, 9.0, 9.5, 10.0] the function f(x) would be evaluated as shown below: f(x) ^ | 10.0 - | o | | | | 9.5 - | o------o | | | | 9.0 - | o------o | | | | 8.5 - | o------o | |----------------------------------> X | | | | a b c d so the independent values state where the function changes value. Nearest-neighbor would put the transitions exactly between the independent break points.I'd appreciate any feedback on this topic, especially from GeoffBrianwho is apparently making use of this 'extension' to DAVE-ML. -- BruceI also agree that this is a good question. There are times when interrogating data where it is necessary to return either a truncated value, as you describe Bruce, or the nearest neighbour. Thus a single 'discrete' attribute may not have been the best suggestion. This issomething we had overlooked in suggesting such an attribute. At theriskof fattening the dtd with unnecessary options, having attributes for both these cases would be useful. At present, the data tables I am currently using the 'discrete' attribute for are more akin to nearest-neighbour. Regards Geoff

`So now I'm considering the following, and would appreciate any`

`feedback from the community:`

Instead of a single 'discrete' attribute, provide for three:

`'nearest' which performs as Geoff described above (not how my diagram`

`is drawn)`

`'floor' which holds the previous dependent value until the next`

`breakpoint is reached (which matches my diagram above)`

`'ceiling' which rounds up the next dependent value upon passing each`

`breakpoint.`

`This seems to be the most flexible, but perhaps also the most complex`

`and may not be worth the effort.`

What say the combined intelligence of artisans? -- Bruce