same here.

On 4/15/18, Preeti Monga <preeti.mo...@silver-linings.org> wrote:
> Hi Vishaka! How are you doing?
>
> So often even my mails don’t get to the group!
>
>
> Preeti Monga – Chief Executive Officer
>
>
> Inspiring INCLUSION! Fostering DIGNITY!
>
>
> Mobile : 91 9871701646
> Landline : 011 22781446
> E-mail : preeti.mo...@silver-linings.org
> Website : www.silver-linings.org
> Our Services: Recruitment, Trainings- Unique Motivation Programmes,
> Diversity & Inclusion, POSH.
>
> Your Choice to partner with us contributes towards quality Education &
> Empowerment of Visually Impaired Girls, and providing them with secure
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>
> -----Original Message-----
> From: AccessIndia [mailto:accessindia-boun...@accessindia.org.in] On Behalf
> Of vishakha
> Sent: 15 April 2018 08:41
> To: 'AccessIndia: a list for discussing accessibility and issues concerning
> the disabled.'
> Subject: [AI] E-mails not reaching the group
> Importance: High
>
>
>
> Many of the e-mails do not seem to reach the group. Could you please provide
> the e-mail id where they should be forwarded for uploading on the group.
>
> Regards,
>
> Vishakha.
> -----Original Message-----
> From: AccessIndia <accessindia-boun...@accessindia.org.in> On Behalf Of
> Kotian, H P
> Sent: Friday, March 16, 2018 10:58 AM
> To: AccessIndia: a list for discussing accessibility and issues concerning
> the disabled. <accessindia@accessindia.org.in>
> Subject: Re: [AI] Moderator: OT- RE: taken from hindu today
>
> Hi
>
> The reason is mentioned, this was an off-topic post.
>
> And regarding of it being of general interest, prior approval is required.
>
> The scope of the topics for the list is mentioned in the welcome mail and in
> additional it is periodically shared on an irregular basis.
>
> Everyone on the list is expected to adhere to the guidelines.
>
> Harish.
> Moderator.
>
> -----Original Message-----
> From: AccessIndia [mailto:accessindia-boun...@accessindia.org.in] On Behalf
> Of Saluudin Mohd
> Sent: Thursday, March 15, 2018 4:44 PM
> To: AccessIndia: a list for discussing accessibility and issues concerning
> the disabled. <accessindia@accessindia.org.in>
> Subject: Re: [AI] Moderator: OT- RE: taken from hindu today
>
> viewed seriously?
> what mistake i have made?
> i thought, it will be a kind of awareness and informatic news for each &
> everybody.
> thanks and regards
> syed
>
>
>
> On 15/03/2018, Kotian, H P <hpkot...@rbi.org.in> wrote:
>> All
>> This is off-topic post.
>> Any more of such off-topic post will be viewed seriously.
>> Should you want to share such compelling posts, please obtain prior
>> permission from the undersigned.
>> Regards
>> Harish Kotian
>> Email: har...@accessindia.org.in
>>
>>
>> -----Original Message-----
>> From: AccessIndia [mailto:accessindia-boun...@accessindia.org.in] On
>> Behalf Of Saluudin Mohd
>> Sent: Thursday, March 15, 2018 1:43 PM
>> To: accessindia <accessindia@accessindia.org.in>
>> Subject: [AI] taken from hindu today
>>
>> How much plastic is there in your packaged water A worldwide study by
>> a U.S.-based journalistic organisation suggests that the level of
>> microscopic plastic particles could have implications for human health
>> Bottled water is usually marketed as the very essence of purity. It’s
>> the fastest-growing beverage market in the world, valued at $147
>> billion a year. But new research by Orb Media, a non-profit journalism
>> organisation based in Washington, D.C., shows that a single bottle can
>> hold dozens, or possibly even thousands, of microscopic plastic
>> particles. Tests on more than 250 bottles from 11 brands reveal
>> contamination with plastic, including polypropylene, nylon, and
>> polyethylene terephthalate (PET). When contacted by reporters, two
>> leading brands confirmed their products contained microplastic, but they
>> said Orb’s study significantly overstates the amount.
>> For plastic particles in the 100-micron, or 0.1-mm size range, tests
>> conducted for Orb at the State University of New York revealed a
>> global average of 10.4 plastic particles a litre.
>> These particles were confirmed as plastic using an industry-standard
>> infrared microscope. The tests also showed a much greater number of
>> even smaller particles that researchers said are also likely plastic.
>> The global average for these particles was 314.6 per litre. Samples
>> came from 19 locations in nine countries on five continents. Some
>> bottles had effectively zero plastic. One contained more than 10,000
>> particles a litre.
>> We found plastic in 93% of the samples. “This is shocking,” said Erik
>> Solheim, executive director of the United Nations Environment Programme.
>> “Please name one human being on the entire planet who wants plastic in
>> his or her bottle.” Peggy Apter certainly doesn’t. “It’s
>> disheartening,” said Apter, a real estate investor in Carmel, Indiana,
>> U.S., who drinks only bottled water. “What’s the world come to? Why
>> can’t we have just clean, pure water?” Packaged water can be a
>> lifeline for many of the 2.1 billion people worldwide with unsafe
>> drinking water. Some 4,000 children die every day from water-borne
>> diseases, according to the United Nations. Yet many who do have safe
>> tap water still choose bottled because they think it’s cleaner, find
>> it more convenient or prefer the taste. Bottled water output will soon
>> hit 300 billion litres a year. Scientists and governments are increasingly
>> concerned about microplastic pollution.
>> Recent studies have found microplastic — particles smaller than 5 mm —
>> in the oceans, soil, air, lakes, and rivers. But plastic’s final
>> frontier may be the human body. Last year, Orb Media revealed
>> microscopic plastic in global tap water samples. Today’s study is “a
>> very illuminative example of how intimate our contact with plastic
>> is,” said Martin Wagner, a toxicologist at the Norwegian University of
>> Science and Technology. What this means for human health is unknown.
>> “Based on current knowledge, which is very fragmentary and incomplete,
>> there is little health concern,” Mr. Wagner said. “The human body is
>> well-adapted to dealing with non-digestible particles.” As much as 90%
>> of microplastic that is consumed might be excreted, a 2016 European
>> Union report on plastic in seafood said. Of the other 10%, some
>> plastic under 150 microns (0.15 mm) could enter the gut’s lymphatic
>> system, or pass from the bloodstream to the kidneys or liver, according
>> the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation.
>> Today’s bottled water study found plastic within that range. But
>> assumptions about how plastic behaves in the gut come from scientific
>> models, not laboratory studies, Jane Muncke, managing director at the
>> Food Packaging Forum, a Swiss research organisation, said. “We don’t
>> even know all the chemicals in plastics,” Ms. Muncke said. “There’s so
>> many unknowns here.”
>> Bottled water manufacturers emphasised their products met all
>> government requirements. Gerolsteiner, a German bottler, said its
>> tests “have come up with a significantly lower quantity of
>> microparticles per litre”, than found in Orb’s study. Nestle tested
>> six bottles from three locations after an inquiry from Orb Media.
>> Those tests, said Nestle Head of Quality Frederic de Bruyne, showed
>> between zero and five plastic particles a litre. None of the other
>> bottlers agreed to make public results of their tests for plastic
>> contamination. “We stand by the safety of our bottled water products,”
>> the American Beverage Association said in a statement. Anca Paduraru,
>> a food safety spokeswoman for the European Commission, said that while
>> microplastic is not directly regulated in bottled water, “legislation
>> makes clear there must be no contaminants”. The U.S. doesn’t have
>> rules for microplastic in food and beverages. Some consumers were
>> shocked by Orb’s discovery. Others were confident plastic wouldn’t
>> harm them. The study was supervised by Professor Sherri Mason, a
>> leading microplastic researcher at the State University of New York in
>> Fredonia. Mason also managed Orb’s 2017 tap water study. To test
>> bottled water, Ms. Mason’s team first infused each bottle with a dye
>> called Nile Red, an emerging method used by scientists for the rapid
>> detection of microplastic. The water was then filtered to 1.5 microns,
>> or 0.0015 mm — smaller than a human red blood cell. Under a
>> microscope, in the blue glare of a crime-scene investigation light,
>> and viewed through orange goggles, the dyed plastic particles on each
>> filter glow like tiny embers. Ms. Mason analysed bigger particles,
>> about 100 microns (0.1 mm), by Fourier-Transform Infrared
>> spectroscopy, which beams infrared light into an object to read its
>> molecular signature. Polypropylene, used in bottle caps, made up 54%
>> of those larger particles. Nylon was 16%. PET, used in bottles, was
>> 6%. The majority of samples came in plastic bottles. Water in glass
>> bottles also held microplastic. Fluorescing particles that were too
>> small to be analysed by FTIR should be called “probable microplastic”,
>> said Andrew Mayes, senior lecturer in chemistry at the University of
>> East Anglia, because “some of it might be another, unknown, substance
>> to which Nile Red stain is adhering.” Mr. Mayes developed the Nile Red
>> method for identifying microplastic. Mr. De Bruyne, of Nestle, noted that
>> Mason’s tests did not include a step in which biological substances are
>> removed from the sample.
>> Therefore, he said, some of the fluorescing particles could be false
>> positives — natural material that the Nile Red had also stained. He
>> didn’t specify what that material would be. Ms. Mason said the
>> so-called “digestion step” is used on debris-filled samples from the
>> ocean or the seashore, and wasn’t needed for bottled water. “Certainly
>> they are not suggesting that pure, filtered, pristine water is likely
>> to have wood, algae, or chitin [prawn shells] in it?” she said. To
>> count the particles, we used an app that recorded the number of
>> fluorescing objects in photographs of lab filters.
>> “This is pretty substantial,” Mr. Mayes said. “I’ve looked in some
>> detail at the finer points of the way the work was done, and I’m
>> satisfied that it has been applied carefully and appropriately, in a
>> way that I would have done it in my lab.” A recent paper in the
>> journal Water Research reported finding microplastic in German mineral
>> water. “I’m sure that this [plastic] is from the bottle itself,” lead
>> author Darena Schymanski said. Orb’s studies of tap water and bottled
>> water used different methods. But there is room to compare them. For
>> microplastic around 100 microns, about the width of a hair, bottled
>> water samples had nearly twice the particles per litre (10.4) as tap
>> water (4.45). What’s best? So what’s best, bottled or tap? “If your
>> tap water is of high quality, that’s always better,” said Scott
>> Belcher, Professor of toxicology at North Carolina State University.
>> “If you have contaminated and unsafe drinking water, bottled water may
>> be your only alternative.” Echoing other consumers we interviewed, Ms.
>> Apter said, “It’s the government’s responsibility to educate people to
>> know what they’re drinking and eating.
>>
>>
>>
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