sir, this information taken from financial express.
very interesting information sir.
that information is:
happy 165th railway birthday.
see below,

Say Happy Birthday to Indian Railways! April 16 marks a very special
day for Indian Railways as today 165 years ago, i.e., April 16, 1853,
the first passenger train of Indian Railways ran between Bori Bunder
(Mumbai CSMT) and Thane in Maharashtra. Interestingly, the passenger
train was flagged off following a 21-gun salute. The 14-carriage first
passenger train was hauled by three steam locomotives namely, Sahib,
Sindh, Sultan and carried 400 railway passengers. Since then, the
largest public transporter, which is also one of the largest employers
in the world has been serving the nation by carrying more than 2.3
crore railway passengers across all trains per day. Even though trains
in India started running much before 1853, this was the first time
that a passenger train plied on the tracks of Indian Railways. To
celebrate the 165 glorious years of Indian Railways, here are quirky,
little known facts about the national transporter:
In 1861, Bombay, Baroda and Central India (BBCI) Railway opened the
Churchgate railway station as its new terminus for Bombay (now
In 1864, the oldest railway station of Delhi, Delhi Junction railway
station was established near Chandni Chowk, starting train service
between Delhi and Calcutta (now Kolkata).
In 1867, the first railway line from Lucknow to Kanpur was built in
the month of April.
In 1870, construction of the Sutlej bridge was completed, which is
still defined as “work of great magnitude”.
In 1880, the Darjeeling Steam Tramway, which later became Darjeeling
Himalayan Railways, started its services on its first section
Siliguri- Darjeeling Rail line.
In 1895, the first locomotive, an F Class 0-6-0 MG Loco, was built in
Ajmer for the Rajputana Malwa Railway (F-734). Still now, it has been
preserved at National Rail Museum.
In 1911, the construction of Pamban Railway Bridge was started and the
Bridge was commenced on 1914. It the first Indian Bridge which is
built across the sea.
In 1920, Railways introduced Electric lighting between Dadar and
Currey Road in Mumbai.
From 1924 to 1944, nationalization of Railways was initiated. The
state took over all the major rail companies such as GIPR, EIR etc.
In 1928, first ever automatic colour light signals in India was
introduced on GIPR’s lines between Bombay VT and Byculla.
In 1930, Railways introduced power signalling and upper quadrant
semaphore signals. Also, the Deccan Queen started its journey, hauled
by a WCP-1 on a newly electrified route to Poona (now Pune).
In 1943, Kolkata’s iconic Howrah Bridge was commissioned. The opening
of the Bridge allowed tramps to be connected to the Howrah routes.
In 1948, 100 WG class 2-8-2 locos were ordered from North British.
However, CLW started to produce them in 1950.
In 1954, the Railways introduced sleeping accommodation in 3 Tier
railway coaches.
In 1959, WAM-1 “Jagjivan Ram” was commissioned. WAM-1 are among the
first AC electrics to run in India.
In 1961, CLW started manufacturing 1500 V DC electric locomotives,
first one being “Lokmanya”. These are first indigeniously designed DC
electrics, mostly used for passenger duties.
In 1962, WDM2 locomotive of the American locomotive company, ALCO was
In 1964, Taj Express train service between New Delhi and Agra was
introduced to allow tourists to visit Agra and return to New Delhi on
the same day.
In 1965, the Railways introduced Fast Freight services across several
routes, especially those connecting the four major metropolitan cities
of the nation and other important cities such as Ahmedabad, Bangalore
In 1966, Centralized Traffic Control System was first introduced on
Indian Railways between, 187 km long stretch- Gorakhpur and Chhapra.
In 1970, Indian railways developed its last BG sream engine, a WG
named “Antim Sitara”.
During 1978-1979, few locomotives of WDM 2 class were produced, which
were termed “Jumbos” by the crew.
In 1980, WAP-1, built by CLW to RDSO specifications was introduced.
This was the first in dedicated electric passenger loco series.
In 1986, Indian Railways introduced computerized ticketing and
reservation at New Delhi.
In 1990, the first Self Printing Ticket Machine was introduced by the
Railways at New Delhi.
In 2001, WDP-4 was started in the month of June and 10 of them were
provided by General Motors, operating out of Hubli.

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