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You can reach the person managing the list at beginners-ow...@haskell.org When replying, please edit your Subject line so it is more specific than "Re: Contents of Beginners digest..." Today's Topics: 1. Re: EitherT (Francesco Ariis) 2. Re: EitherT (David McBride) 3. Re: EitherT (鲍凯文) 4. Re: EitherT (mike h) ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Message: 1 Date: Thu, 12 Apr 2018 17:59:32 +0200 From: Francesco Ariis <fa...@ariis.it> To: beginners@haskell.org Subject: Re: [Haskell-beginners] EitherT Message-ID: <20180412155932.r5fbeh5wn52k4...@x60s.casa> Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii On Thu, Apr 12, 2018 at 11:25:57AM +0100, mike h wrote: > This is what I have > > newtype EitherT m a b = EitherT {runEitherT :: m (Either a b)} > instance Monad m => Functor (EitherT m a) where > ---- fmap :: (a -> b) -> f a -> f b > fmap f m = EitherT $ do > mv <- runEitherT m > case mv of > Left _ -> return mv > Right rv -> return $ Right (f rv) Tricky error! The signature for this fmap is: fmap :: (b -> c) -> EitherT m a b -> EitherT m a c The offending line is: Left _ -> return mv You *think* you are returning `Either a c`, but are you really? Type HINTS for more :P -F ------------------------------ Message: 2 Date: Thu, 12 Apr 2018 12:27:30 -0400 From: David McBride <toa...@gmail.com> To: The Haskell-Beginners Mailing List - Discussion of primarily beginner-level topics related to Haskell <beginners@haskell.org> Subject: Re: [Haskell-beginners] EitherT Message-ID: <can+tr41enxtvb8dyvrxtcwc+3kojbyfus6dfogbtg4f0k7w...@mail.gmail.com> Content-Type: text/plain; charset="utf-8" You will feel like this was obvious in hindsight. fmap :: (a -> b) -> f a -> f b fmap (a -> b) -> EitherT m c a -> EitherT m c b Now follow the types in your code. m :: EitherT m c a mv :: Either c a return mv :: EitherT m c a -- <- you are back to the wrong type. How can you instead return EitherT m c b? On Thu, Apr 12, 2018 at 6:25 AM, mike h <mike_k_hough...@yahoo.co.uk> wrote: > Hi, > I’m trying to write EitherT from first principles and I’m stuck at the > first hurdle - Functor. I’m looking for a hint rather than a complete > answer :) > > > This is what I have > > newtype EitherT m a b = EitherT {runEitherT :: m (Either a b)} > instance Monad m => Functor (EitherT m a) where > ---- fmap :: (a -> b) -> f a -> f b > fmap f m = EitherT $ do > mv <- runEitherT m > case mv of > Left _ -> return mv > Right rv -> return $ Right (f rv) > > > > and here is the compilers view > Phrase.hs:31:25: error: > • Couldn't match type ‘b’ with ‘a1’ > ‘b’ is a rigid type variable bound by > the type signature for: > fmap :: forall a1 b. (a1 -> b) -> EitherT m a a1 -> EitherT m a b > at Phrase.hs:27:5-8 > ‘a1’ is a rigid type variable bound by > the type signature for: > fmap :: forall a1 b. (a1 -> b) -> EitherT m a a1 -> EitherT m a b > at Phrase.hs:27:5-8 > Expected type: m (Either a a1) > Actual type: m (Either a b) > • In the expression: return $ Right (f rv) > In a case alternative: Right rv -> return $ Right (f rv) > In a stmt of a 'do' block: > case mv of > Left _ -> return mv > Right rv -> return $ Right (f rv) > • Relevant bindings include > rv :: a1 (bound at Phrase.hs:31:19) > mv :: Either a a1 (bound at Phrase.hs:28:9) > m :: EitherT m a a1 (bound at Phrase.hs:27:12) > f :: a1 -> b (bound at Phrase.hs:27:10) > fmap :: (a1 -> b) -> EitherT m a a1 -> EitherT m a b > (bound at Phrase.hs:27:5) > > > what I think I need to do is fmap over the right value after pulling if > out of the monad m by doing mv <- runEitherT m > > these lines from the compiler are particularly confusing > Expected type: m (Either a a1) > Actual type: m (Either a b) > > as I believe f is f:: a1->b > > So just hints please and I expect I’ll have another duh moment. > > Thanks > > Mike > > > > _______________________________________________ > Beginners mailing list > Beginners@haskell.org > http://mail.haskell.org/cgi-bin/mailman/listinfo/beginners > -------------- next part -------------- An HTML attachment was scrubbed... URL: <http://mail.haskell.org/pipermail/beginners/attachments/20180412/05fe8014/attachment-0001.html> ------------------------------ Message: 3 Date: Thu, 12 Apr 2018 16:40:53 +0000 From: 鲍凯文 <traqueofzi...@gmail.com> To: beginners@haskell.org Subject: Re: [Haskell-beginners] EitherT Message-ID: <CAMjcG+Go=Uk==ur+nxyxopscsnywzgg15nngtnnfioifex3...@mail.gmail.com> Content-Type: text/plain; charset="utf-8" Hi, Try to unify the types returned by each of the case alternatives, starting from what the compiler has inferred so far. I’ve made this mistake many times lol. Best, toz On Thu, Apr 12, 2018 at 5:38 AM <beginners-requ...@haskell.org> wrote: > Send Beginners mailing list submissions to > beginners@haskell.org > > To subscribe or unsubscribe via the World Wide Web, visit > http://mail.haskell.org/cgi-bin/mailman/listinfo/beginners > or, via email, send a message with subject or body 'help' to > beginners-requ...@haskell.org > > You can reach the person managing the list at > beginners-ow...@haskell.org > > When replying, please edit your Subject line so it is more specific > than "Re: Contents of Beginners digest..." > > > Today's Topics: > > 1. EitherT (mike h) > > > ---------------------------------------------------------------------- > > Message: 1 > Date: Thu, 12 Apr 2018 11:25:57 +0100 > From: mike h <mike_k_hough...@yahoo.co.uk> > To: The Haskell-Beginners Mailing List - Discussion of primarily > beginner-level topics related to Haskell <beginners@haskell.org> > Subject: [Haskell-beginners] EitherT > Message-ID: <57afc9f5-3601-4d18-b860-41352d3f2...@yahoo.co.uk> > Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8 > > Hi, > I’m trying to write EitherT from first principles and I’m stuck at the > first hurdle - Functor. I’m looking for a hint rather than a complete > answer :) > > > This is what I have > > newtype EitherT m a b = EitherT {runEitherT :: m (Either a b)} > instance Monad m => Functor (EitherT m a) where > ---- fmap :: (a -> b) -> f a -> f b > fmap f m = EitherT $ do > mv <- runEitherT m > case mv of > Left _ -> return mv > Right rv -> return $ Right (f rv) > > > > and here is the compilers view > Phrase.hs:31:25: error: > • Couldn't match type ‘b’ with ‘a1’ > ‘b’ is a rigid type variable bound by > the type signature for: > fmap :: forall a1 b. (a1 -> b) -> EitherT m a a1 -> EitherT m a b > at Phrase.hs:27:5-8 > ‘a1’ is a rigid type variable bound by > the type signature for: > fmap :: forall a1 b. (a1 -> b) -> EitherT m a a1 -> EitherT m a b > at Phrase.hs:27:5-8 > Expected type: m (Either a a1) > Actual type: m (Either a b) > • In the expression: return $ Right (f rv) > In a case alternative: Right rv -> return $ Right (f rv) > In a stmt of a 'do' block: > case mv of > Left _ -> return mv > Right rv -> return $ Right (f rv) > • Relevant bindings include > rv :: a1 (bound at Phrase.hs:31:19) > mv :: Either a a1 (bound at Phrase.hs:28:9) > m :: EitherT m a a1 (bound at Phrase.hs:27:12) > f :: a1 -> b (bound at Phrase.hs:27:10) > fmap :: (a1 -> b) -> EitherT m a a1 -> EitherT m a b > (bound at Phrase.hs:27:5) > > > what I think I need to do is fmap over the right value after pulling if > out of the monad m by doing mv <- runEitherT m > > these lines from the compiler are particularly confusing > Expected type: m (Either a a1) > Actual type: m (Either a b) > > as I believe f is f:: a1->b > > So just hints please and I expect I’ll have another duh moment. > > Thanks > > Mike > > > > > > ------------------------------ > > Subject: Digest Footer > > _______________________________________________ > Beginners mailing list > Beginners@haskell.org > http://mail.haskell.org/cgi-bin/mailman/listinfo/beginners > > > ------------------------------ > > End of Beginners Digest, Vol 118, Issue 6 > ***************************************** > -------------- next part -------------- An HTML attachment was scrubbed... URL: <http://mail.haskell.org/pipermail/beginners/attachments/20180412/e78207cb/attachment-0001.html> ------------------------------ Message: 4 Date: Thu, 12 Apr 2018 21:32:05 +0100 From: mike h <mike_k_hough...@yahoo.co.uk> To: The Haskell-Beginners Mailing List - Discussion of primarily beginner-level topics related to Haskell <beginners@haskell.org> Subject: Re: [Haskell-beginners] EitherT Message-ID: <7edd529b-500b-4138-a4fd-fbdd14d5d...@yahoo.co.uk> Content-Type: text/plain; charset="utf-8" instance Monad m => Functor (EitherT m a) where fmap f m = EitherT $ do mv <- runEitherT m case mv of Left lv -> return $ Left lv Right rv -> return $ Right (f rv) Thanks all :) I think its correct. The compiler does! Mike > On 12 Apr 2018, at 17:27, David McBride <toa...@gmail.com> wrote: > > You will feel like this was obvious in hindsight. > > fmap :: (a -> b) -> f a -> f b > fmap (a -> b) -> EitherT m c a -> EitherT m c b > > Now follow the types in your code. > m :: EitherT m c a > mv :: Either c a > return mv :: EitherT m c a -- <- you are back to the wrong type. > > How can you instead return EitherT m c b? > > > On Thu, Apr 12, 2018 at 6:25 AM, mike h <mike_k_hough...@yahoo.co.uk > <mailto:mike_k_hough...@yahoo.co.uk>> wrote: > Hi, > I’m trying to write EitherT from first principles and I’m stuck at the first > hurdle - Functor. I’m looking for a hint rather than a complete answer :) > > > This is what I have > > newtype EitherT m a b = EitherT {runEitherT :: m (Either a b)} > instance Monad m => Functor (EitherT m a) where > ---- fmap :: (a -> b) -> f a -> f b > fmap f m = EitherT $ do > mv <- runEitherT m > case mv of > Left _ -> return mv > Right rv -> return $ Right (f rv) > > > > and here is the compilers view > Phrase.hs:31:25: error: > • Couldn't match type ‘b’ with ‘a1’ > ‘b’ is a rigid type variable bound by > the type signature for: > fmap :: forall a1 b. (a1 -> b) -> EitherT m a a1 -> EitherT m a b > at Phrase.hs:27:5-8 > ‘a1’ is a rigid type variable bound by > the type signature for: > fmap :: forall a1 b. (a1 -> b) -> EitherT m a a1 -> EitherT m a b > at Phrase.hs:27:5-8 > Expected type: m (Either a a1) > Actual type: m (Either a b) > • In the expression: return $ Right (f rv) > In a case alternative: Right rv -> return $ Right (f rv) > In a stmt of a 'do' block: > case mv of > Left _ -> return mv > Right rv -> return $ Right (f rv) > • Relevant bindings include > rv :: a1 (bound at Phrase.hs:31:19) > mv :: Either a a1 (bound at Phrase.hs:28:9) > m :: EitherT m a a1 (bound at Phrase.hs:27:12) > f :: a1 -> b (bound at Phrase.hs:27:10) > fmap :: (a1 -> b) -> EitherT m a a1 -> EitherT m a b > (bound at Phrase.hs:27:5) > > > what I think I need to do is fmap over the right value after pulling if out > of the monad m by doing mv <- runEitherT m > > these lines from the compiler are particularly confusing > Expected type: m (Either a a1) > Actual type: m (Either a b) > > as I believe f is f:: a1->b > > So just hints please and I expect I’ll have another duh moment. > > Thanks > > Mike > > > > _______________________________________________ > Beginners mailing list > Beginners@haskell.org <mailto:Beginners@haskell.org> > http://mail.haskell.org/cgi-bin/mailman/listinfo/beginners > <http://mail.haskell.org/cgi-bin/mailman/listinfo/beginners> > > _______________________________________________ > Beginners mailing list > Beginners@haskell.org > http://mail.haskell.org/cgi-bin/mailman/listinfo/beginners -------------- next part -------------- An HTML attachment was scrubbed... URL: <http://mail.haskell.org/pipermail/beginners/attachments/20180412/6d8f6b7d/attachment.html> ------------------------------ Subject: Digest Footer _______________________________________________ Beginners mailing list Beginners@haskell.org http://mail.haskell.org/cgi-bin/mailman/listinfo/beginners ------------------------------ End of Beginners Digest, Vol 118, Issue 7 *****************************************