We recently ran into an intermittent problem sending queries to a
business partner. Turns out they had CheckPoint firewalls with
SmartDefense turned of for DNS traffic. This was blocking traffic going
to them with DO flag enabled. I could duplicate the problem from a
command line by issuing "dig @partner hostname +DNSSEC" and this failed
everytime. When querying through the DNS server though using NSLOOKUP on
WinXP, the resolution was hit-and-miss. Watching a sniffer trace,
sometimes BIND 9.4.1-P1 would send with DO flag enabled, and other times

I know this is an older version of BIND, and lots of bugs fixed in newer
versions. However, looking at sniffer traces from 9.7.0-P2 shows the
same behavior = sometimes DO is set and sometimes not set.

Can someone explain when BIND sets DO flag and when it won't? Most of my
client workstations are XPSP3, and NONE of the queries coming from those
clients have DO flag set.

Any help is appreciated...

Gord Taylor (CISSP, GCIH, GEEK)


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