Scott Cantor commented on XERCESC-2088:

My impression from a few tries at adding some additional type-safe methods is 
that this is unfixable without simply fixing the DOM classes to expose whatever 
fields these casts are trying to access.

I think we need a new virtual mixin base class with methods to expose 
implementation details, and then a dynamic_cast to the mixin in the DOMCast 
methods to get at them where needed.

I do not propose actually redesigning the DOM classes themselves to inherit 
common fields or anything like that, this is strictly suggesting we expose the 
private bits via an interface.

> Bad casting from DOMTextImpl to DOMElementImpl
> ----------------------------------------------
>                 Key: XERCESC-2088
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/XERCESC-2088
>             Project: Xerces-C++
>          Issue Type: Bug
>          Components: DOM
>    Affects Versions: 3.1.1, 3.1.2, 3.1.3, 3.1.4
>         Environment: ubuntu 16.04 LTS, Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-6700 CPU @ 
> 3.40GHz, 16GB
>            Reporter: Yuseok Jeon
>             Fix For: 3.2.0
>         Attachments: Actual_result.txt, relationship_tree.jpeg
> Hi all, 
> Our recently developed type confusion detection tool reports a type_confusion 
> error in the "xercesc/dom/imple/DOMCasts.hpp" 
> xercesc/dom/imple/DOMCasts.hpp, line 146
> static inline DOMNodeImpl *castToNodeImpl(const DOMNode *p)
> {
>     DOMElementImpl *pE = (DOMElementImpl *)p;
>     return &(pE->fNode);
> }
> p is pointing to the object allocated as DOMTextImpl, and it is casted into 
> DOMElementImpl. However, since DOMElementImpl is not a subobject of 
> DOMTextImpl, it is violating C++ standard rules 5.2.9/11 (down casting is 
> undefined if the object that the pointer to be casted points to is not a 
> suboject of down casting type) and causes undefined behaviors.
> There are similar type-confusion cases as below links. 
>  - (libstdc++) https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=60734
>  - (Firefox) https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=1074280
> I attached a actual type confusion report and object relationship 
> information. 

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