Hi Ching,

> On Oct 12, 2016, at 11:35 , ching lu <lschin...@gmail.com> wrote:
> How to archive "cake follows iptables"? is it “wan ingress -> iptables


> -> wifi egress/LAN egress -> ifb egress -> cake”?

        Except that if you instantiate cake on the interface connecting to the 
outers LAN/WLAN side (lets call this LAN for short), cake will reside on that 
interfaces egress and hence you require no ifb for traffic coming in from the 
internet (as a plus cake will even without the fancy new deNAT options see the 
full intrnal IP addresses, useful for dual and triple isolation options). In 
the direction facing the internet you can instantiate cake on an ifb interface 
for LAN and then put the iptables DSCP cleaner on the WAN egress side (and the 
WAN ingress side, unless you trust your ISP to deliver reasonable DSCP values, 
which should be like never*)

Best Regards

8) DSCP are only ever guranteed to be meaninful inside a dscp domain, and in 
reality your home net is a different domain from the ISP’s. It would have been 
nice if the DSCP field would have been separeted into 2 3bit fields, the first 
for the actual sender to request one of 8 differential classes and the other 
3bits for the current domain to store its actually used DSCP bits. I claim the 
3 bits should be enough for anybody  ;)

> On Wed, Oct 12, 2016 at 5:10 PM, moeller0 <moell...@gmx.de> wrote:
>> Hi,
>>> On Oct 12, 2016, at 10:11 , ching lu <lschin...@gmail.com> wrote:
>>> For egress, setting DSCP field should work.
>>> iptables -> wan egress -> cake
>>> But is it possible to set DSCP to 0x0 after cake's classification? i
>>> do not know how ISP handle non-zero DSCP, there seems to be no
>>> standard for this.
>>        Interestingly cake, at some point in the past offered exactly that 
>> functionality, but it got removed due to added complexity with very little 
>> practical applicability (and a potential layering violation, but one could 
>> equally argue that the current layering is partly sub-optimal/wrong and 
>> hence violating it to better reflect reality might be acceptable). But 
>> current cake does not offer this. If you are willing to daisy-chain two 
>> routers, you could run cake on the respective egress interfaces connecting 
>> both routers, and do the DSCP cleaning on the outer router’s egress 
>> interface toward the internet…
>>> For ingress, DSCP field may not be set by network peer at all, and i
>>> have multiple LAN interfaces
>>> AFAIK, the order is "wan ingress -> ifb egress -> cake -> iptables"
>>> The trick of setting DSCP by iptables do not work because cake comes first
>>        Hence Jonathan’s recommendation to make sure that cake follows 
>> iptables, by setting it up on egress interfaces only…
>> Best Regards
>>        Sebastian
>>> On Wed, Oct 12, 2016 at 3:26 PM, Jonathan Morton <chromati...@gmail.com> 
>>> wrote:
>>>>> On 12 Oct, 2016, at 08:52, ching lu <lschin...@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>> I deprioritize bittorrent traffic by marking related connections in
>>>>> iptables (e.g. detect by port number) and route them to corresponding
>>>>> HTB class and qdisc.
>>>>> How can i archive the same goal using the cake qdisc?
>>>> Modify your iptables rules to set the DSCP rather than a kernel-internal 
>>>> mark.  You probably want "-j DSCP —set-dscp-class CS1”, as CS1 is the 
>>>> “bulk low priority” code.  Cake’s default Diffserv mode will pick that up 
>>>> appropriately.
>>>> You also need to make sure Cake sees your packets *after* they’ve been 
>>>> through the firewall, which generally means attaching it to the egress 
>>>> port in each direction, not the ingress port.  You’ve probably already 
>>>> done this, if you’re happy with your HTB setup.
>>>> If you have multiple LAN interfaces (eg, both Ethernet and wifi), you 
>>>> should loop the inbound traffic through a common IFB device (and attach 
>>>> Cake to that instead of the physical interfaces) to simplify configuration.
>>>> - Jonathan Morton
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