Celtic and Old English Saints          21 January

* St. Vimin of Holywood
* St. Brigid of Kilbride
* St. Lawdog of Wales
* St. Maccallin of Waulsort

St. Vimin of Holywood, Bishop
(Vivian, Wynnin, Gwynnin)
6th century. Saint Vimin, a Scottish bishop whose history is very
confused, is said to have been the founder of the monastery of Holywood
at Nithsdale. It is related that Vimin was an abbot in Fifeshire when he
was consecrated bishop. He actively evangelized the region. In order to
avoid the temptations to pride that accompanied his many miracles, he
moved to a deserted place and founded Holywood ("Sacrumboscum"), which
later became famous for producing many holy and
learned men. The family of Wemse in Fifeshire is said to be of the same
lineage as Vimin (Attwater2, Benedictines, Husenbeth).

St. Brigid (Briga) of Kilbride, Virgin
6th century. Saint Brigid is venerated in the diocese of Lismore. It is
recorded that her famous namesake of Kildare (f.d. February 1) visited
her more than once at Kilbride (Benedictines).

St. Lawdog
6th century. He is the titular patron of four churches in the diocese of
Saint David's in Wales and, perhaps, identical with Saint Lleuddad
(Laudatus; f.d. January 15), abbot of Bardsey (Benedictines).

St. Maccallin of Waulsort, Abbot
(Malcallan, Maolcalain)
Died 978. Maccallin was an Irishman who made a pilgrimage to Saint
Fursey's shrine at Peronne during the Viking terror. He entered the
Benedictine abbey of Gorze. Later he became a hermit and was given a
grant of land on which he founded Saint Michael's monastery at Thierache
and governed it as abbot. Soon after he made a second foundation at
Waulsort ("Valciodorum") Abbey, near Dinant, Belgium, on the River
Meuse, over which he placed Saint Cadroe (f.d. March 6). In
946, Emperor Otto I issued a charter that stipulated that Waulsort
should be governed by an Irish abbot so long as one was available within
the community (Benedictines, D'Arcy, Fitzpatrick, Montague, O'Hanlon).


Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints,
2nd edition, revised and updated by Catherine Rachel John.
New York: Penguin Books.

Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate. (1966).
The Book of Saints. NY: Thomas Y. Crowell.

D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul,
Minnesota: Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably
the most useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints.
The author provides a great deal of historical context in which
to place the lives of the saints.]

Fitzpatrick, B. (1927). Ireland and the foundations of Europe.
New York: Funk & Wagnalls.

Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's Lives
of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
London: Virtue & Co.

Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
Guildford: Billing & Sons.

O'Hanlon, J. (1875). Lives of Irish Saints, 10 vol. Dublin.

For All the Saints:

An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West

These Lives are archived at:

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