Celtic and Old English Saints          29 October

* St. Colman of Kilmacduagh
* St. Kennera of Scotland
* St. Elfleda of Ramsey

St. Colman of Kilmacduagh, Bishop

Born at Corker, Kiltartan, Galway, Ireland, c. 550; died 632; cultus
approved in 1903. Son of the Irish chieftain Duac, Colman was educated
at Saint Enda's (f.d. March 21) monastery in Aran. Thereafter he was a
recluse, living in prayer and prolonged fastings, at Arranmore and then
at Burren in County Clare. With King Guaire of Connaught he founded the
monastery of Kilmacduagh, i.e., the church of the son of Duac, and
governed it as abbot-bishop. The "leaning tower of Kilmacduagh," 112
feet high, is almost twice as old as the famous town in Pisa. The Irish
round tower was restored in 1880.

There is a legend that angels brought King Guaire to him by causing his
festive Easter dinner to disappear from his table. The king and his
court followed the angels to the place where Colman had kept the Lenten
fast and now was without food. The path of this legendary journey is
called the "road of the dishes."

As with many relics, Saint Colman's abbatial crozier has been used
through the centuries for the swearing of oaths. Although it was in the
custodianship of the O'Heynes of Kiltartan (descendants of King Guaire)
and their relatives, the O'Shaughnessys, it can now be seen in the
National Museum in Dublin (Attwater, Benedictines, Carty, D'Arcy,
Farmer, MacLysaght, Montague, Stokes).

Other tales are recounted about Saint Colman, who loved birds and
animals. He had a pet rooster who served as an alarm clock at a time
before there were such modern conveniences. The rooster would begin his
song at the breaking of dawn and continue until Colman would come out
and speak to it. Colman would then call the other monks to prayer by
ringing the bells.

But the monks wanted to pray the night hours, too, and couldn't count on
the rooster to awaken them at midnight and 3:00 a.m. So Colman made a
pet out of a mouse that often kept him company in the night by giving it
crumbs to eat. Eventually the mouse was tamed and Colman asked its

"So you are awake all night, are you? It isn't your time
for sleep, is it? My friend, the cock, gives me great
help, waking me every morning. Couldn't you do the same
for me at night, while the cock is asleep? If you do not
find me stirring at the usual time, couldn't you call me?
Will you do that?"

It was a long time before Colman tested the understanding of the mouse.
After a long day of preaching and travelling on foot,
Colman slept very soundly. When he did not awake at the usual hour in
the middle of the night for Lauds, the mouse pattered over to the bed,
climbed on the pillow, and rubbed his tiny head against Colman's ear.
Not enough to awaken the exhausted monk. So the mouse tried again, but
Colman shook him off impatiently. Making one last effort, the mouse
nibbled on the saint's ear and Colman immediately arose--laughing. The
mouse, looking very serious and important, just sat there on the pillow
staring at the monk, while Colman continued to laugh in disbelief that
the mouse had indeed understood its job.

When he regained his composure, Colman praised the clever mouse for his
faithfulness and fed him extra treats. Then entered God's presence in
prayer. Thereafter, Colman always waited for the mouse to rub his ear
before arising, whether he was awake or not. The mouse never failed in
his mission.

The monk had another strange pet: a fly. Each day Colman would spend
some time reading a large, awkward parchment manuscript prayer book.
Each day the fly would perch on the margin of the sheet. Eventually
Colman began to talk to the fly, thanked him for his company, and asked
for his help:

"Do you think you could do something useful for me? You
see yourself that everyone who lives in the monastery is
useful. Well, if I am called away, as I often am, while
I am reading, don't you go too; stay here on the spot I
mark with my finger, so that I'll know exactly where to
start when I come back. Do you see what I mean?"

So, as with the mouse, it was a long time before Colman put the
understanding of the fly to the test. He probably provided the insect
with treats as he did the mouse--perhaps a single drop of honey or crumb
of cake. One day Colman was called to attend a visitor. He pointed the
spot on the manuscript where he had stopped and asked the fly to stay
there until he returned. The fly did as the saint requested, obediently
remaining still for over an hour. Colman was delighted. Thereafter, he
often gave the faithful fly a little task that it was proud to do for
him. The other monks thought it was such a marvel that they wrote it
done in the monastery records, which is how we know about it.

But a fly's life is short. At the end of summer, Colman's little friend
was dead. While still mourning the death of the fly, the
mouse died, too, as did the rooster. Colman's heart was so heavy at the
loss of his last pet that he wrote to his friend Saint
Columba (f.d. June 9). Columba responded:

"You were too rich when you had them. That is why you
are sad now. Great troubles only come where there are
great riches. Be rich no more."

Troparion of St Colman of Kilmacduagh tone 8
Rejecting the nobility of thy birth, O Father Colman,/thou didst seek
God in the solitude of desert places./ Thy virtue, like a beacon, drew
men unto thee/ and thou didst guide them into the way of salvation./
Guide us also by thy prayers, that our souls may be saved.

A Prayer:

May God's angels guard us
and save us till day's end,
protected by God and Mary
and *Mac Duach and Mac Daire
and Colm Cille
till days' end.

Aingil De dar gcoimhdeacht
's dar sabhail aris go fuin;
ar coimri De is Mhuire,
Mhic Duach is Mhic Daire
agus Colm Cille
aris go fuin.

*St. Colman MacDuagh

"An Duanaire 1600-1900: Poems of the

Map of Monastic Ireland c. 650 AD
[Kilmacduagh is situated in northwest Munster]
As a Tiny URL

In context

Photographs of KilMacduagh Monastery:

As a Tiny URL

St. Kennera (Kinnera) of Scotland, Virgin Martyr
Born in Scotland, 5th century. Saint Kennera is said to have been
educated with Saint Ursula (f.d. October 21) and Saint Regulus of Patras
(f.d. March 30). Later she became a recluse at Kirk-Kinner in Galloway,
Scotland (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).

Troparion of St Kennera tone 8
Bright beacon of purity and Light of Galloway, O holy Kennera,/ as thou
didst preserve thyself in virginity for love of Christ,/ pray to Him,
that despite our corrupt condition He will grant us great mercy.

St. Elfleda of Ramsey, Abbess
Died c. 1000. Saint Elfleda, daughter of Earl Ethelwold, founded Ramsey
Abbey, where she became a nun and eventually abbess (Benedictines).

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