Celtic and Old English Saints          20 March

* St. Cuthbert of Lindisfarne
* St. Herbert of Derwent Water
* St. Martin of Braga
* St. Clement of the Paris Schools

St. Herbert, Priest-Hermit of Derwent Water, England
Died March 20, 687. Saint Herbert was the priestly disciple and good
friend of Saint Cuthbert (f.d. today). He lived alone on theisland on
Lake Derwentwater, later called Saint Herbert's. Each year Herbert
would visit Saint Cuthbert at Lindisfarne. In 686, the year before
Saint Cuthbert died, he travelled to Carlisle, and Herbert visited him
there instead.

Saint Cuthbert told Herbert on this visit that if he had anything to ask
he must do so at this time because he foresaw that he would die and the
Herbert would not see him again in this world. Herbert wept and begged
him not to abandon him, but to pray that since they had served God
together in the world, they be taken at the same time. Saint Cuthbert
prayed for a moment and then predicted that this would be so. Soon
afterward Herbert fell ill and his illness lasted until March 20 of the
following year, when both saints died.

Ruins of a circular stone building on St. Herbert's Isle there may be
connected with him (Attwater, Attwater2, Benedictines,
Encyclopaedia, Farmer, White).

St. Martin of Braga, Bishop
Born in Pannonia (Hungary) c. 515; died at Braga, Spain, 580. While
Martin's origin and early history are uncertain, he was known as a
zealous missionary, who evangelized Spain. Around 550, Saint Martin
introduced communal monasticism to Galicia (northwestern part of the
Iberian peninsula) which he may have learned as a monk in Palestine.
His principal foundation was the abbey of "Dumium" (Mondonedo) of which
he became bishop before his appointment to the see of Braga. He also
travelled widely to evangelize the pagans and Arian Suevians (converting
their king). Fortunatus compared
the bishop of Braga, who was a writer of some importance, with his
patron, Saint Martin of Tours (f.d. November 11). His extant works
include a sermon which gives interesting particulars about the rural
superstitions he encountered (Attwater, Attwater2, Benedictines,

St. Clement of the Paris Schools
Died 826. A monk of Saint Gall, Switzerland, possibly Notker Balbulus
(f.d. April 6), reports that Irish Saint Clement came with Albinus to
France and announced in the market that they had learning for sale at a
time when classical learning was all but forgotten in the West. Their
price: food and shelter--and pupils. Upon hearing this, Emperor
Charlemagne, who held "the Irish in special esteem" (according to
Einhard), engaged their services. Albinus was sent to Pavia to head the
monastery of Saint Augustine, while he established Clement in his Paris
School. There Clement became one of the most famous scholars of the
Carolingian court. He succeeded Blessed Alcuin (f.d. May 19) as the
head of the Paris Schools when the latter retired to the monastery at
Tours. Among those influenced by him was the future emperor, Lothair,
who was noted for his interest in the schools of Italy (D'Arcy, Gougaud,
Fitzpatrick, Kenney, Montague, O'Hanlon, Tommasini).

ICONS of Saint Cuthbert of Lindisfarne


Attwater, D. (1983). The penguin dictionary of saints, NY:
Penguin Books.

Attwater, D. (1958). A dictionary of saints. New York:
P. J. Kenedy & Sons. [Attwater 2]

Bede. "De Vita et Miraculis S. Cudberti", c. 5; 9, 10; 17, 19,
20. (Pat. Ecc. Ang. Bede, IV.) in H. Waddell (tr.), Beasts
and Saints. NY: Henry Holt and Co., 1934.

Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
(1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
(1966). The Book of Saints. NY: Thomas Y. Crowell.

Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

Colgrave, B. (tr.). (1940). Two Lives of Saint Cuthbert.

Colgrave, H. (1955). Saint Cuthbert of Durham.

D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The saints of Ireland. Saint Paul,
Minnesota: Irish American Cultural Institute.

D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
lives of the saints.]

Encyclopedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Fitzpatrick, B. (1922). Ireland and the Making of Britain. New
York: Funk and Wagnalls.

Fitzpatrick, B. (1927). Ireland and the foundations of Europe.
New York: Funk & Wagnalls.

Gill, F. C. (1958). The glorious Company: Lives of Great
Christians for Daily Devotion, vol. I. London:
Epworth Press.

Gougaud, Dom L. (1923). Gaelic Pioneers of Christianity,
V. Collins (tr.). Dublin: Gill & Sons.

Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
London: Virtue & Co.

Kenney, J. F. (1929). Sources for early history of Ireland, vol.
1, Ecclesiastical. New York: Columbia University Press.

Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
Guildford: Billing & Sons.

Montalembert. (1863). Monks of the West. Paris.

Moran, Cardinal. (1879). Irish Saints in Great Britain.
Dublin: Brown and Nolan.

O'Hanlon, J. (1875). Lives of Irish Saints, 10 vol. Dublin.

Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry

Skene, W. F. (1875-80). Celtic Scotland, 3 vols. Edinburgh.

Tabor, M. E. (1908). The Saints in Art with Their Attributes
and Symbols Alphabetically Arranged. London: Methuen & Co.

Tommasini, Fra A. (1937). Irish Saints in Italy. London:
Sands and Company.

Webb, J. F. (1983). The Age of Bede.

White, K. E. (1992). Guide to the Saints, NY: Ivy Books.

For All the Saints:

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