On 1/11/19 4:01 AM, Ming Lei wrote: > Hi, > > This patchset brings multi-page bvec into block layer: > > 1) what is multi-page bvec? > > Multipage bvecs means that one 'struct bio_bvec' can hold multiple pages > which are physically contiguous instead of one single page used in linux > kernel for long time. > > 2) why is multi-page bvec introduced? > > Kent proposed the idea first. > > As system's RAM becomes much bigger than before, and huge page, transparent > huge page and memory compaction are widely used, it is a bit easy now > to see physically contiguous pages from fs in I/O. On the other hand, from > block layer's view, it isn't necessary to store intermediate pages into bvec, > and it is enough to just store the physicallly contiguous 'segment' in each > io vector. > > Also huge pages are being brought to filesystem and swap , we can > do IO on a hugepage each time, which requires that one bio can transfer > at least one huge page one time. Turns out it isn't flexiable to change > BIO_MAX_PAGES simply. Multipage bvec can fit in this case very well. > As we saw, if CONFIG_THP_SWAP is enabled, BIO_MAX_PAGES can be configured > as much bigger, such as 512, which requires at least two 4K pages for holding > the bvec table. > > With multi-page bvec: > > - Inside block layer, both bio splitting and sg map can become more > efficient than before by just traversing the physically contiguous > 'segment' instead of each page. > > - segment handling in block layer can be improved much in future since it > should be quite easy to convert multipage bvec into segment easily. For > example, we might just store segment in each bvec directly in future. > > - bio size can be increased and it should improve some high-bandwidth IO > case in theory. > > - there is opportunity in future to improve memory footprint of bvecs. > > 3) how is multi-page bvec implemented in this patchset? > > Patch 1 ~ 4 parpares for supporting multi-page bvec. > > Patches 5 ~ 15 implement multipage bvec in block layer: > > - put all tricks into bvec/bio/rq iterators, and as far as > drivers and fs use these standard iterators, they are happy > with multipage bvec > > - introduce bio_for_each_bvec() to iterate over multipage bvec for > splitting > bio and mapping sg > > - keep current bio_for_each_segment*() to itereate over singlepage bvec > and > make sure current users won't be broken; especailly, convert to this > new helper prototype in single patch 21 given it is bascially a > mechanism > conversion > > - deal with iomap & xfs's sub-pagesize io vec in patch 13 > > - enalbe multipage bvec in patch 14 > > Patch 16 redefines BIO_MAX_PAGES as 256. > > Patch 17 documents usages of bio iterator helpers. > > Patch 18~19 kills NO_SG_MERGE. > > These patches can be found in the following git tree: > > git: https://github.com/ming1/linux.git for-4.21-block-mp-bvec-V12 > > Lots of test(blktest, xfstests, ltp io, ...) have been run with this patchset, > and not see regression. > > Thanks Christoph for reviewing the early version and providing very good > suggestions, such as: introduce bio_init_with_vec_table(), remove another > unnecessary helpers for cleanup and so on. > > Thanks Chritoph and Omar for reviewing V10/V11/V12, and provides lots of > helpful comments.
Thanks for persisting in this endeavor, Ming, I've applied this for 5.1. -- Jens Axboe