indhub commented on a change in pull request #10900: [MXNET-414] Tutorial on 
visualizing CNN decisions using Grad-CAM
URL: https://github.com/apache/incubator-mxnet/pull/10900#discussion_r189122496
 
 

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 File path: docs/tutorials/vision/cnn_visualization.md
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+# Visualizing Decisions of Convolutional Neural Networks
+
+Convolutional Neural Networks have made a lot of progress in Computer Vision. 
Their accuracy is as good as humans in some tasks. However it remains hard to 
explain the predictions of convolutional neural networks.
+
+It is often helpful to be able to explain why a model made the prediction it 
made. For example when a model misclassifies an image, it is hard to say why 
without visualizing the network's decision.
+
+<img align="right" 
src="https://raw.githubusercontent.com/dmlc/web-data/master/mxnet/example/cnn_visualization/volcano_barn_spider.png";
 alt="Explaining the misclassification of volcano as spider" width=500px/>
+
+Visualizations also help build confidence about the predictions of a model. 
For example, even if a model correctly predicts birds as birds, we would want 
to confirm that the model bases its decision on the features of bird and not on 
the features of some other object that might occur together with birds in the 
dataset (like leaves).
+
+In this tutorial, we show how to visualize the predictions made by 
convolutional neural networks using Gradient-weighted Class Activation Mapping. 
Unlike many other visualization methods, Grad-CAM can be used on a wide variety 
of CNN model families - CNNs with fully connected layers, CNNs used for 
structural outputs (e.g. captioning), CNNs used in tasks with multi-model input 
(e.g. VQA) or reinforcement learning without architectural changes or 
re-training.
+
+In the rest of this notebook, we will explain how to visualize predictions 
made by [VGG-16](https://arxiv.org/abs/1409.1556). We begin by importing the 
required dependencies. `gradcam` module contains the implementation of 
visualization techniques used in this notebook.
 
 Review comment:
   VGG is used for a couple of reasons:
   1. ResNet is too big to include in a notebook without spoiling easiness to 
read.
   2. VGG16 the network used in the original paper.

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