Laszlo Kishalmi commented on NETBEANS-1800:

Well, in the plugin manager settings you can force the plugins to be installed 
in the user directory, so you do not have to start NetBeans as root.
You can also change it as the default behavior adding 
-J-Dplugin.manager.install.global=false to the netbeans commandline or in the 
netbeans.conf file. (The upcoming snap distribution for NetBeans 10.0 will have 
that setting by default)

You can install your required plugins into the "shared" directories running 
NetBeans as root, then you can run netbeans as user and have those plugins 
already installed (you may need to activate them though)

> Locked out of plugin installation due to netbeans requiring admin rights and 
> wayland conflicting with running netbeans as root
> ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
>                 Key: NETBEANS-1800
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/NETBEANS-1800
>             Project: NetBeans
>          Issue Type: Bug
>          Components: platform - Plugin Manager
>    Affects Versions: 9.0
>         Environment: Antergos Linux 4.19.8-arch1, x86_64, Gnome/wayland (also 
> affects all other known linux distros on gnome/wayland)
>            Reporter: Brian Dayhoff
>            Priority: Blocker
> On any linux distro running gnome/wayland, the typical tools to run a visual 
> application as root (eg gksu, gksudo) do not work. Netbeans 9 requires 
> installation of some plugins to be run as administrator (eg the JIRA plugin 
> to interface with this board). There is no possible way to make this work on 
> such systems. Using `sudo -H netbeans` and `sudo -E -H netbeans` will run the 
> program, but then netbeans does not detect the original user or already 
> configured settings. Reinstalling plugins from here does not propogate back 
> to the standard user runtime.
> None of the following work due to various errors:
>  * `sudo netbeans` - program fails with an exception
>  * `gksu netbeans` - wayland prevents entering password, cannot proceed
>  * `gksudo netbeans` - wayland prevents entering password, cannot proceed
>  * `sudo -H netbeans` runs, but does not detect existing configuration, and 
> breaks user runtime if reconfigured
>  * `sudo -E -H netbeans` also runs, does not detect configuration, breaks 
> user runtime if reconfigured
> To the best of my knowledge, wayland is the primary bottleneck here, however 
> it is unlikely that a fix will be issued on their end, as it is a core 
> principle of wayland not to allow visual programs to run as root and they 
> will not patch this. As wayland is becoming the standard window manager for 
> numerous linux distros, this needs to be accounted for, and this restriction 
> needs to be either loosened, provided with a workaround internally, or 
> removed.
> Several systems prevent running on XOrg due to underlying package conflicts, 
> which leads to this issue being unsolvable at the user level, whether or not 
> they have root access privileges.

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