Ben Laurie <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> writes:
> Jack Lloyd wrote:
>> On Mon, Dec 12, 2005 at 12:20:26AM -0600, Travis H. wrote:
>>> 2) While CTR mode with a random key is sufficient for creating a
>>> permutation of N-bit blocks for a fixed N, is there a general-purpose
>>> way to create a N-bit permutation, where N is a variable?  How about
>>> picking a cryptographically strong permutation on N elements, where N
>>> is not necessarily a power of 2?
>> Use can use the Bear or Lion constructions to form 2^{arbitrary} bit block
>> ciphers quite easily.
> Good ciphers aren't permutations, though, are they? Because if they
> were, they'd be groups, and that would be bad.

Actually, by definition, a cipher should be a permutation from the set
of plaintexts to the set of ciphertexts. It has to be 1 to 1 bijective
or it isn't an encryption algorithm.

Therefore, if you want an ergodic sequence of size 2^N, a counter
encrypted under an N bit block cipher will do it.


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