Charlie Kaufman wrote:
I believe this has been "known" for a long time, though I have never seen the
proof. I could imagine constructing one based on quadratic sieve.
I believe that a proof that the discrete log problem is polynomially reducible
to the factorization problem is much harder and more recent (as in sometime in
the last 20 years). I've never seen that proof either.
OK, I had the proof checked. I put it here:
Warning: it may be not what you'd expect.
First of all, it reduces the factorization to a discrete log in a group
of unknown order (or put in another words: you'd need to factorize to
learn the group order). It has been proven by V. Shoup that when group
operation and the inverse are the only operations that can be done with
group elements, then the best algorithm can be O(sqrt(n)), where n is
the number of elements. I guess then the group of Z_N* (where N=pq) of
unknown order qualifies for this if we don't want to use factorization
(actually you can't compute inverse group operation here). In the light
of this fact, is this proof of any use?
Even if the proof is not useful, is the "generator picking lemma" (lemma
2) anything new? It states basically this:
In any cyclic group of order n there is at least 1/log2(n) probability
of picking a generator randomly and thus generator can be found in
polynomial time with overwhelming probability of success.
The only facts close to this lemma I found were:
1) Product phi(p_i)/p_i for consecutive primes p_i approaches zero as
more and factors are added to the product (phi is Euler phi function).
The lemma states a lower bound for the product.
2) "If the generalized Riemann hypothesis is true, then for every prime
number p, there exists a primitive root modulo p that is less than 70
Thanks for answering my second question which I have not asked yet :-)
(the reduction in opposite direction). I'm also working on the opposite
reduction, but I'm at best halfway through (and not sure if I am able to
Joseph Ashwood mentioned someone who claimed to have algorithm for
factorization and had only the reduction to DLP. Anyone knows where I
could find the algorithm? Or maybe name of the person, so I could search
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