You need to have one zero octet after bunch of FFs and before DER encoded
has blob in order to have a proper PKCS#1v1.5 signature encoding.

Based on what you say below, "I used this cert and my key to sign an
end-entity certificate which I used to set up an webserver", it appears that
implementations you used don't check for this one zero octet, either.

- Tolga 

> -----Original Message-----
> From: [EMAIL PROTECTED] 
> [mailto:[EMAIL PROTECTED] On Behalf Of Erik Tews
> Sent: Thursday, September 14, 2006 3:40 PM
> To: Cryptography
> Subject: Real World Exploit for Bleichenbachers Attack on SSL 
> fromCrypto'06 working
> 
> Hi
> 
> I had an idea very similar to the one Peter Gutmann had this 
> morning. I managed to write a real world exploit which takes as input:
> 
>       * an CA-Certificate using 1024 Bit RSA and Exponent 3 (ca-in)
>       * a Public Key, using an algorithm and size of your choice
>         (key-in)
> 
> and generats an CA-Certificate signed by ca-in, using public 
> key key-in.
> 
> At least 3 major webbrowsers on the marked are shipped by 
> default with CA certificates, which have signed other 
> intermediate CAs which use
> rsa1024 with exponent 3, in their current version. With this 
> exploit, you can now sign arbitary server certificates for 
> any website of your choice, which are accepted by all 3 
> webbrowsers without any kind of ssl-warning-message.
> 
> I used the following method:
> 
> I first generated a certificate, with BasicConstraints set to 
> True, Public Key set to one of my keys, and Issuer to the DN 
> of a CA using
> 1024 Bit RSA with Exponent 3. I used usual values for all the 
> other fields. When I signed a Certificate I shiftet all my 
> data to the left. I had 46 bytes of fixed valued (this can 
> perhaps be reduced to 45 bytes, I have not checked yet, but 
> even with 46, this attack works). They had the form 00 01 FF 
> FF FF FF FF FF FF FF ASN1DataWithHash. This gives me 82 bytes 
> I can fill with arbitary values (at least, if the 
> implementations skipps some part of the asn1-data, I can 
> choose some bytes there too).
> 
> If you now set all the bytes right of your ASN1DataWithHash 
> to 00, and interpret that as a number n, and compute:
> 
>                        y = (ceil(cubeRoot(n)))^3
> 
>    Where ceil means rounding to the next bigger natural 
> number and cubeRoot
>                      computes the third Root in R.
> 
> y will be a perfect cube and have the form:
> 
>         00 01 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF ASN1DataWithHash' Garbage
> 
> and ASN1DataWithHash' looks quite similar to your original 
> ASN1DataWithHash, with perhaps 2-3 rightmost bytes changed. 
> These bytes are part of the certificate hash value.
> 
> This signature is useless, because every certificate has a 
> fixed hash value. But you don't need to sign a fixed 
> certificate. So i started adding some seconds to the notAfter 
> value of the certificate and computed the hash again. I brute 
> forced until I had a certificate where the computation of y 
> did not alter any bytes of the ASN1DataWithHash.
> 
> I had to try 275992 different values which took 2-3 minutes 
> on my 1.7 GHz Pentium using an unoptimized java-implementation.
> 
> I used this cert and my key to sign an end-entity certificate 
> which I used to set up an webserver.
> 
> I have to check some legal aspects before publishing the 
> names of the browser which accepted this certificate and the 
> name of the ca-certificates with exponent 3 I used in some 
> hours, if nobody tells me not to do that. Depending on the 
> advice I get, I will release the sourcecode of the exploit too.
> 
> Thanks go to Alexander May and Ralf-Philipp Weinmann who helped me.
> 


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