-Caveat Lector-

http://books.usapa.belvoir.army.mil:80/cgi-bin/bookmgr/BOOKS/afr91_22/1.1




1.1 Policy



a. Advantages and Limitations. The dispersal of pesticides form aircraft
permits the rapid coverage of large areas and the treatment of areas
inaccessible to ground-operated equipment. It is particularly useful
when high operational efficiency is required to control unexpected
outbreaks of vector-borne disease, and unusual outbreaks of economic
pests, including control of insects and vegetation. On the other hand,
this method has limitations, for example heavy vegetative cover, low
visibility, and various meteorological conditions (temperature,
excessive wind, rainfall, stability factors, convection currents, and
other variables). Also, the risk of aerial deposition of the pesticide
outside the target areas and inadvertent damage to non-target organisms
is greater than ground application of pesticides.


b. Aerial dispersal of pesticides may be authorized:


(1) For the control of mosquitoes and other insects of medical
significance when:


(a) Reduction of breeding sites through draining, clearing or filling
cannot be accomplished.


(b) Areas requiring treatment are either too extensive or inaccessible
to ground-operated equipment.


(c) Screening, repellents, space sprays and residual treatment are not
in themselves adequate to control vector-borne diseases.


(d) Tactically necessary in a combat zone.


(e) Sudden, excessively high insect population levels occur on military
or other property which require the immediate suppression of potential
vectors of disease (disaster relief, civil defense, etc.).


(f) Aerial spraying is more economical than use of ground control
methods.


(2) For control of vegetation and economic pest that damage or destroy
property when:


(a) The infested areas are too large to be treated effectively from the
ground.


(b) Aerial spray is more economical than use of ground control methods.


(c) Time does not permit ground control procedures and immediate control
is necessary to prevent large scale outbreaks of pest populations, and
to provide economic disaster assistance, Control of vegetation may be
necessary to comply with laws regulating growth of noxious weeds and for
other reasons where weed or brush presence is not desirable.


c. The aerial application of pesticides is considered to be a commercial
or industrial functional area as defined under Code S710, Insect and
Rodent Control, DODI 4100.33. Performance of insect and rodent control,
in-house or by contract, must adhere to the requirements of DODI 4100.33
and to the appropriate service regulation which implements the
commercial and industrial activities program.


d. Contract aerial applications are authorized when military aerial
spraying capabilities are not available, or when contract versus
in-service cost comparison analyses indicate cost advantages for
contract operations. Contract aerial applicators must provide
operational data for forwarding to the US Air Force environmental
Technical Applications Center (USAFETAC) for incorporation in the spray
deposition prediction model.


e. Cooperation in local or regional organized disease vector/pest
control programs is encouraged.


f. Military Participation in Nonmilitary Control Programs:


(1) Aerial dispersal of pesticides from military aircraft over
non-Federal property is conducted only under unusual circumstances. Such
projects may indicated:


(a) when emergencies are declared at Federal department level or higher.
(See AR 500-60 and AFRs 91-21 and 355-11.)


(b) When a military facility and a non-Federal community have a joint
interest in a common pest control problem. In such cases, aerial
dispersal and pesticides may be conducted providing:


1. Military aerial dispersal operations over non-Federal property in no
way conflict or compete with commercial spray concerns.


2. Military and civic officials agree on the need for the project and
the details for the accomplishment of the aerial spray project.


3. Military participation and funding of the control effort is limited
proportionately to the military interest in the problem.


(2) HQ USAF/XOOSC (Autovon 22-70815) retains approval responsibility for
all requests for aerial dispersal of pesticide missions conducted by
AFRES units over non-DoD property. All requests for aerial dispersal of
pesticides over non-Dod-controlled property (both foreign and domestic)
by the Air Force Reserve AFRES) will be forwarded to HQ USAF/XOOSC for
approval and coordination with HQ USAF/PREV. In non-Federal oversea
areas, assistance will be given only when a formal request is submitted
by proper national authorities through the Office of the US Ambassador.
For domestic assistance, only requests forwarded through Federal
departments for form a state agency through a Federal department, will
be considered. Coordination of assistance requests with respect to
resource allocations and priorities will be as prescribed by HQ
USAF/XOOSC when AFRES services are involved.



      AR 40-574 * 26 April 76 * Unclassified


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