October 17


Court of Appeal Orders Fresh Hearing of Death Penalty

Procedural irregularities have served a resident of Mtwara Region, Khalifa Museven, from being hanged to death for allegedly killing his colleague, Mohamed Rashid, alias Wayaga, after suspecting him of stealing a bag of cement.

Instead, the Court of Appeal ordered fresh hearing of the matter after nullifying the proceedings, conviction and the death sentence imposed on Museven by the High Court on November 30, last year.

Justices Nathalia Kimaro, Semistocles Kaiage and Shaban Lila noted that the trial judge had not guided properly court assessors when providing the summing up of the murder trial.

They also found another defect relating to the type of questions that were put by the assessors to the witnesses, as did not seek clarification on the testimony rather amounted to cross examination of witnesses.

"The trial in this case suffers shortfall of undetailed directions in the summing up to the assessors on the ingredients of the offence, the evidence that was intended to be relied upon by the prosecution and the failure to direct the assessors on the type of questions to ask witnesses," they said.

They pointed out that the duty of the trial judge was to supervise and control the assessors on the questions they were allowed to put to the witnesses as they were neither allowed to examine or crossexamine witnesses. What the law allows them to do, they said, was to seek clarifications.

"Exercising powers of revision under section 4 (2) of the Appellate Jurisdiction Act, we declare the High Court proceedings a nullity. We order a retrial before another judge sitting with different assessors," the justices declared.

It alleged that on March 29, 2013, the appellant went to a place known as Kijiwe cha Nice within Mtwara Municipality, tracing for the deceased whom he had earlier on blamed for having stolen a bag of cement from him.

Although the deceased attempted to run away, he was apprehended because the appellant shouted thief, thief. Having been arrested, the appellant left with the deceased saying he was taking him to the police station.

(source: Tanzania Daily News)


Chinese official who had 24m pounds cash at home given suspended death sentence ---- Wei Pengyuan is found guilty of corruption after being accused of taking bribes to approve coal projects

A Chinese former senior energy official who had more than 200m yuan (24m pounds ) in cash at his home has been given a suspended death penalty after being found guilty of corruption, state news agency Xinhua said on Monday.

Wei Pengyuan had been deputy director of the coal department at the National Energy Administration until he was put under investigation in 2014, with officials saying at the time the cash found was the largest amount ever found in a corruption case.

The court in the northern city of Baoding handed Wei a death sentence, suspended for2 years, which in practice means he will spend life in jail and not be eligible for parole or early release, Xinhua said.

Wei abused his position to approve coal projects and took 212m yuan in bribes, the report said, citing the court judgment.

"Wei Pengyuan had a vast amount of assets which obviously exceeded his legal income, and could not explain its source," Xinhua said.

It was not possible to reach relatives or legal representatives of Wei for comment.

Liu Tienan, who had been head of the energy administration, was jailed for life in 2014 after being caught up in his own bribery scandal.

President Xi Jinping has vowed to go after powerful "tigers" as well as lowly "flies" is his fight against pervasive corruption, warning, like others before him, that the problem was so severe it could affect the Communist party's grip on power.

(source: The Guardian)


Call for Aust to reject death penalty

A Liberal MP has called on the new federal parliament to reject the death penalty.

Moving a motion in the lower house on Monday, Trent Zimmerman said there was no place for capital punishment in the modern world.

"It is appropriate that this new parliament commences with a recognition Australia must be steadfast in its opposition to the death penalty for all crimes, in all nations and that that cause enjoys bipartisan support," he said.

(source: news.com.au)


A compassionate campaign for a cold hearted nation

A recent survey on Singapore's opinion of the death penalty revealed a crushing amount of support for capital punishment. Conducted by government feedback agency Reach, the survey found that a staggering 80 % of Singapore residents supported the death penalty, while only 10 % voiced a need to abolish it.

While majority of the nation stands firm in its belief in capital punishment, a small group with a large voice finds courage to stand up to the dominant narrative. The Singapore Anti Death Penalty Campaign (SADPC) has fronted multiple campaigns against the sentencing of death-row inmates over the last few years. This month, it's fronting another campaign.

Led by human rights lawyer, Mr. M Ravi, the SADPC is now taking action to appeal the death sentence that has been dealt to Prabagaran a/l Srivijayan on the counts of drug trafficking.

Prabagaran is a 29-year-old Malaysian who has been found guilty of bringing 22.24g of Diamorphine into Singapore. He was arrested at the Woodlands Checkpoint on April 12, 2012, after immigration officers discovered 2 black bundles containing the drugs in the armrest console of his Malaysian-registered Hyundai car.

Prabagaran claimed willful blindness in his situation - the car was borrowed from a friend and Prabagaran had no knowledge of the drugs in the car. During the trial, prosecution argued that Prabagaran's accounts were irreconcilable with evidence.

The law states a 3-months period to file clemency after conviction, followed by a 3-months consideration period for a pardon, and 3 weeks immediately thereafter, an execution for the death penalty.

According to Ravi, Prabagaran's clemency was filed in March. The team is expecting the delivery of judgment from the Court of Appeal on November 15, which would set Prabagaran's execution date in the 1st week of December.

Sharing Prabagaran's story on Facebook with a video interview with Prabagaran's mother, Madam Eswari, Ravi attempts to rally the nation together to put a stop to Prabagaran's death penalty.Sharing Prabagaran's story on Facebook with a video interview with Prabagaran's mother, Madam Eswari, Ravi attempts to rally the nation together to put a stop to Prabagaran's death penalty.

News of Prabagaran's impending execution in the following month has forged a sense of urgency within SADPC. Their campaign to save Prabagaran will be launched in Singapore and Malaysia, and will rely heavily on the group's international networks, including the United Nations.

Ravi aims to highlight the unequal treatment under international law in an International Court of Justice (ICJ) memorandum. 'There is a statute under ICJ which talks about customary international law - where you cannot be discriminated against. I will address this particular article of ICJ, as to how the Malaysian government can file an ICJ stay action in International Court of Justice. This is the route.'

This strategy could mark the 1st attempt by an Asian country to dispute a death penalty on the grounds of an individual's nationality by going to the International Court of Justice. 'Europeans have gone - Germans especially - it's rare to go with this route. But this is the only route that Prabaragan has in terms of the law', says Ravi.

While Ravi takes it upon himself and the activist group to provide the Malaysian government with this route, the group ultimately aims to remind through this memorandum that countries have a moral duty to defend their citizens.

Ravi recounts a similar situation in 2007, where 18-year-old Nigerian footballer, Iwuchukwu Amara Tochi, was convicted of drug trafficking in Singapore. 'If the government of Nigeria refuses to file an ICJ action, the lawyers in Nigeria can file action to compel their government in court, to file' says Ravi. Activists, who protested Tochi's innocence, carried out a hunger strike that lasted over a day, leading up to Tochi's execution. Tochi was executed by hanging on 26 January 2007 in Changi Prison.

The SADPC wants to raise awareness amongst Malaysians of the disproportionate application of the death penalty towards the minorities.

Despite the dominant Singapore narrative on the death penalty, the scene in Malaysia differs. An online poll conducted by Barisan Nasional (BN) component party Gerakan, showed 55 % of 1,523 anonymous Internet users in support of abolishing the mandatory death penalty in Malaysia. The online #BetterMalaysia poll was designed to help Malaysian policymakers better understand public perceptions and to bridge the gap between the Malaysian public and policymakers.

With regards to Prabagaran's situation, Ravi says 'at the end of the day, Singaporeans are not going to make a difference. The people who are going to make a difference are Malaysians.' With slightly more positive results from the Malaysian online poll, the SADPC might stand a better chance of overturning Prabagaran's situation.

(source: The Independent)


For Murder Accused on Death Row, Reopening Review Petition Only Hope----Vikram Walia and Jasvir Singh, charged with abduction and murder, are due to hang on October 25 unless their sentences are delayed by review petitions.

Even as the countdown has begun for the hanging of 2 convicts, Vikram Walia and Jasvir Singh, at Patiala central jail at 9 am on October 25, their lawyers have moved the Supreme Court to reopen the hearing of their review petitions, which were dismissed in chambers in 2011.

The court has listed their pleas for hearing by a 3-judge bench on October 18.

The 2 convicts were found guilty of kidnapping Abhi Verma alias Harry, aged 16, from outside his school in Hoshiarpur and killing him with an anaesthesia overdose. Their death sentences were confirmed by the Supreme Court in 2010, while the court commuted the death sentence of their sole accomplice, Singh???s wife Sonia, to life imprisonment.

Walia was about 26-years-old, Singh was 24 and Sonia 29 when the offence was committed. When explaining why it had commuted Sonia's death sentence, the Supreme Court said:

"Keeping in view the overall picture and the fact that at the time when Abhi Verma had been kidnapped from outside the DAV School, Sonia had not been present and that she may have got embroiled in the conspiracy with her husband and Vikram Singh on account of having come under their pressure, some leniency must be shown to her."

In 2015, the court dismissed Singh's challenge to the vires of Section 364A of IPC, which prescribed the death sentence for the offence of kidnapping. Their contention was that the punishment prescribed under Section 364A was disproportionate to the gravity of the crime.

The court held that as Section 364A also gave the sentencing judge the option to prescribe the lesser sentence of life imprisonment, it cannot be said to have compromised judicial discretion in sentencing a convict under it.

The court also held that the appellants were found guilty not only under Section 364A, but even for murder, punishable under Section 302 of the IPC. The court refused to revisit the question of their sentence thus:

"A sentence of death in a case of murder may be rare, but, if the courts have, upon consideration of the facts and evidence, found that the same is the only sentence that can be awarded, it is difficult to revisit that question in collateral proceedings like the one at hand."

President Pranab Mukherjee rejected their mercy petitions on August 7 this year, having received the necessary recommendation from the home ministry on June 23.

Having exhausted almost all the available legal remedies, the plea to reopen their review petitions is perhaps the last glimmer of hope for the 2 convicts.

The Supreme Court had granted this relief to death row convicts who could not avail the option of their review petitions being heard in open court by a 3-judge bench in Mohd. Arif case in 2014.

A 5-judge constitution bench in that case, by a majority of 4:1, had held as follows:

"We are conscious of the fact that while awarding a death sentence, in most of the cases, this court would generally be affirming the decision on this aspect already arrived at by two courts below, namely the trial court as well as the high court. After such an affirmation, the scope of review of such a judgment may be very narrow. At the same time, when it is a question of life and death of a person, even a remote chance of deviating from such a decision while exercising the review jurisdiction, would justify oral hearing in a review petition ...We feel that this oral hearing, in death sentence cases, becomes too precious to be parted with .... However, when it comes to death penalty cases, we feel that the power of the spoken word has to be given yet another opportunity even if the ultimate success rate is minimal."

The bench continued:

"Review petitions are inartistically drafted. And oral submissions by a skilled advocate can bring home a point which may otherwise not be succinctly stated, given the enlarged scope of review in criminal matters....

Although the bench had provided an outer limit of 30 minutes for the oral hearing of such review petitions, post Mohd.Arif, the court has been very liberal in granting more time than the limit for review petitioners to make their submissions.

In Mohd. Arif, the court reasoned as follows:

"We feel that the fundamental right to life and the irreversibility of a death sentence mandate that oral hearing be given at the review stage in death sentence cases as a just, fair and reasonable procedure under Article 21 mandates such hearing, and cannot give way to the severe stress of the workload of the Supreme Court."

The Supreme Court held in Mohd. Arif that the right of a limited oral hearing in the review petitions where a death sentence is given shall be applicable only in pending review petitions and such petitions filed in the future.

The court held as follows:

"It will also apply where a review petition is already dismissed, but the death sentence is not executed so far. In such cases, the petitioners can apply for the reopening of their review petition within one month from the date of this judgment. However, in those cases where even a curative petition is dismissed, it would not be proper to reopen such matters."

As Walia and Singh did not apply to reopen their review petition within a month from the date of the judgment in Mohd Arif, that is, September 2, 2014, they have first filed a petition to condone this delay.

Their review petitions were dismissed on April 20, 2011 by the bench of justices Harjit Singh Bedi and J.M.Panchal.

On October 18, a bench of justices Dipak Misra, Amitava Roy and A.M. Khanwilkar will decide whether to condone the delay and stay the warrant of execution of the death sentence on October 25 at 9 am, as ordered by the Hoshiarpur district and sessions judge on September 27. The court, in all probability, will fix a date for the oral hearing of the review petitions.

(source: thewire.in)


JMB leader Asadul hanged for killing 2 Jhalakathi judges

Asadul Islam alias Arif, a leader of banned militant outfit Jama'atul Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB) who was convicted of killing 2 Jhalakati judges in 2005, was hanged tonight at Khulna district jail.

"The sentence was executed at 10:30pm on Sunday," a Khulna stringer reports quoting Jail Superintendent Kamrul Islam.

The body will be handed over to Asadul's family tonight, the jail superintendent said.

Khulna Deputy Commissioner Nazmul Ahsan, DIG Prisons (Jessore) Tipu Sultan, Magistrate Md Nur-e-Alam Siddique, Civil Surgeon Dr Md Abdur Razzak and Jail Superintendent Kamrul Islam were present during the execution.

Earlier in the day, family members including his wife, 2 daughters and 6 sisters met the death row convicted criminal in jail, where Asadul has been kept since 2008.

Senior assistant judges -- Jagannath Pandey and Sohel Ahmed -- were killed in a suicide bomb attack at Purba Chadkati in Jhalakathi town on November 14, 2005.

The incident followed the series bomb blasts across country in 2005.

The Appellate Division had upheld death penalty of 7 JMB leaders including JMB chief Abdur Rahman, his 2nd-in-command Siddiqul Islam alias Bangla Bhai, Asadul and 4 other militants in the sensational Jhalakathi judges' killing case.

Death sentence of the militants except Asadul were executed on March 29, 2007.

Asadul, who was absconding and later arrested on July 10 in 2007, filed the petition with the SC this year seeking review of its judgement.

On August 28 this year, the Supreme Court cleared the way for executing the JMB leader for killing 2 judges of Jhalakati in 2005.

A 5-member bench of the Appellate Division headed by SK Sinha dismissed a petition filed by Asadul seeking review of its earlier judgement that upheld his death penalty.at Khulna district jail.

(source: The Daily Star)


Bangladesh accelerates trials as Islamist leader hanged

Bangladesh said Monday it is fast-tracking trials of Islamist extremists, hours after a senior leader of a militant group was hanged for a 2005 blast that killed 2 judges.

Asadul Islam, also known as Arif, was a senior leader of the banned group Jamayetul Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB), which the government has blamed for a deadly siege on an upmarket Dhaka cafe on July 1.

Bangladeshi security forces launched a crackdown against Islamist extremists following the cafe attack, which shook the image of Bangladesh as a moderate Muslim nation.

Since July, police have shot dead nearly 40 suspected extremists including JMB's new leader Tamim Chowdhury, a Canadian citizen of Bangladeshi descent who allegedly masterminded the cafe carnage.

Bangladesh's courts have also accelerated the prosecution of Islamist extremists, sparking concern among rights activists who say such actions may be politically motivated.

Attorney General Mahbubey Alam told AFP the government was "trying to fast-track all the militant-related cases", including bomb attacks on a court complex outside Dhaka, a cultural function in a northern town and a new year's festival in the capital.

Police spokesman A.K.M Shahidur Rahman said there were "at least 64" Islamist extremists on death row and their appeals were being heard in the higher courts.

But Human Rights Watch said there was no conclusive evidence the death penalty acted as a deterrent.

"When terror attacks happen, governments often feel under pressure to show that they are doing something," South Asia director Meenakshi Ganguly told AFP.

"What is needed instead is careful investigation to identify and prosecute perpetrators with proper evidence."

JMB was founded in the late 1990s and seeks to impose sharia law on Bangladesh, a Muslim majority but officially secular nation of 160 million people.

It shot to prominence when it carried out a coordinated bombing attack in August 2005, that involved more than 400 small blasts across the country.

Arif's body was buried amid tight security in his home town shortly after his execution, local police chief Pankaj Chandra Roy told AFP.

(source: Hindustan Times)


Death penalty on prison drug dealers sought

The death penalty should be restored to prevent prison inmates from turning into drug dealers, a lawmaker said on Sunday.

Oriental Mindoro Rep. Rey Umali, chairman of the House Committee on Justice that probed the illegal drug trade at the New Bilibid Prison, made the call a day ahead of the release of the committee report on the investigation.

"The revelation in this committee hearings made it more imperative for us to re-impose death penalty. Look ... these criminals who are facing life sentence ... what would they be afraid of except for death? They won't fear anything except death," Umali said in a radio interview.

About a dozen inmates testified during the House justice panel hearing, accusing former Justice secretary Leila de Lima, now a senator, of allowing the drug trade and other illegal activities such as prostitution and gambling in the Bilibid in exchange for payoffs.

De Lima, who was Justice secretary from 2010 to 2015, denies the claims and has accused the government of pressuring the inmates to testify against her.

Director Benjamin Magalong, head of the Philippine National Police Criminal Investigation and Detention Group, also testified that inmate Peter Co has been on top of the drug trade in Bilibid since 2002.

Fear factor

Umali said the prison system had not reformed inmates. "You have to raise the level of the fear factor among these convicted felons so they won't find themselves enjoying in Bilibid with the drug trade. They are not being reformed anymore," Umali said.

Capital punishment was abolished in 1987 during the presidency of Corazon Aquino but was re-imposed in 1993 under President Fidel Ramos. Crimes that were punishable by death included rape, kidnapping, murder and drug trafficking.

President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo scrapped the death penalty anew on June 24, 2006 after approving Republic Act 9346.

Umali said the House Justice panel was also likely to recommend amendments to the Anti-Wiretapping Law and the relaxation of the Bank Secrecy Law to allow authorities to monitor drug-related activities of convicts and the flow of drug money.

Umali also proposed putting all the jails in the country under the Bureau of Corrections (BuCor) of the Department of Justice (DOJ), for centralized supervision and control.

The Bilibid is under BuCor, while the city and provincial jails are under the Bureau of Jail Management and Penology under the ambit of the Department of the Interior and Local Government.

"We have to standardize our prison facilities and manpower," Umali added.

De Lima to be summoned

The DOJ is set to summon de Lima, after Justice Secretary Vitaliano Aguirre 2nd formed a panel of prosecutors tasked to investigate the lawmaker over her alleged involvement in the illegal drug trade inside the New Bilibid Prison.

Subpoenas are expected to be issued by the panel of prosecutors against de Lima and the other accused in separate complaints filed by the Volunteers Against Crime and Corruption and 2 former National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) deputy directors, Reynaldo Esmeralda and Ruel Lasala.

Aside from de Lima, other respondents to the case include her former bodyguard Ronnie Dayan, former DOJ undersecretary Francisco Baraan 3rd, former NBI deputy director Rafael Ragos, Presidential Security Group member Joenel Sanchez, Jose Adrian Dera, Wilfredo Ely and high-profile convict Jaybee Sebastian.

De Lima and the other respondents are accused of violating of Section 5 (sale and trading of illegal drugs) in relation to Section 26 (b) (conspiracy) of the Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002.

Aguirre said the 2 complaints would be consolidated by the panel of prosecutors.

The DOJ chief insists he is not abusing his powers to pin down de Lima, a leading critic of the President's war on illegal drugs.

"These are not new. It's just that the tide is turning on her," Aguirre stressed.

De Lima, he said, was experiencing "karma" as she did the same to several politicians, including former president Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, when she was DOJ chief.

De Lima knows the DOJ has the power to conduct a preliminary investigation against her and forward its findings to the Office of the Ombudsman, Aguirre said.

"In 2014, she said that selective justice was not a valid defense and that the DOJ has concurrent power with the Ombudsman. Now that it's happening to her, why is she questioning the DOJ's concurrent power?" Aguirre said.

Aguirre urged de Lima to respect the legal processes and come up with evidence to dispute the charges, instead of running to the media and accepting speaking engagements.

"All she's been saying are general denials and even personal attacks. That's not the way you defend yourself. You should be proving you're not protector of drug lords, that you did this and that during your term to cleanse Bilibid," he added.

The panel will be lead by Senior Assistant State Prosecutor Peter Ong. Named as members of the panel were Senior Assistant City Prosecutors Alexander Ramos, Leila Llanes, Evangeline Viudez-Canobas and Assistant State Prosecutor Editha Fernandez.

(source: The Manila Times)


House eyes Con-ass to amend 1987 Constitution, restore death penalty

2 committees of the House of Representatives are eyeing the approval this week of the resolution recommending constituent assembly (Con-ass) as the mode of amending the 1987 Constitution.

The Con-ass is also seen as a venue for restoring the death penalty for heinous crimes.

Liberal Party Rep. Roger Mercado of Southern Leyte, chairman of the House Committee on Constitutional Amendments, said his committee will proceed with the voting this Wednesday on a motion to constitute Congress into a Con-ass.

"We will proceed with the voting before we adjourn this week, because this is a very important proposal," Mercado said.

Last week the House Committee on Constitutional Amendments started hearing at least 29 measures seeking to overhaul the 1987 Constitution.

But the hearing was ended after near fisticuffs between Rep. Robert Ace S. Barbers of Surigao del Norte and Rep. Prospero L. Pichay of Surigao del Sur following their debate whether to vote on a motion to constitute Congress into a Con-ass.

PDP-Laban Rep. Alfredo B. Benitez of Negros Occidental, author of a resolution calling for the Con-ass, said the advantage of a Con-ass is there is no need for another costly elections.

"There has been a clamor for change in the system of government, a shift to a federal form of government, provision of more autonomy and empowerment of the local government, less restrictive economic policies and other proposals that necessitate in the present Constitution," said Benitez, a senior vice chairman of the House Committee on Constitutional Amendments, during his sponsorship speech.

Benitez added the resolution proposes convening the Congress into a Con-ass to introduce and adopt revisions and/or amendments to the Constitution as it is the most expeditious and less costly than the other modes for Charter change.

Benitez, chairman of the House Committee on Housing and Urban Development, said despite the country's economic growth, uneven development and poverty are still among the main problems of the Philippines, as development and social services have been centralized in the National Capital Region.

He also added that inclusive growth has not been achieved, that's why the Philippines needs to change its government structure.

"There is glaring disparity between the share of NCR and other regions in the GDP [gross domestic product]; 37 percent of the GDP in 2014 is concentrated in the NCR," he said.

There are three modes of amending the constitution - through Con-ass, constitutional convention (Con-con) or a people's initiative.

Meantime, after its investigation on the alleged proliferation of illegal drugs inside the National Bilibid Prison (NBP), the House Committee on Justice is also eyeing the approval of a report recommending the imposition of the death penalty for heinous crimes.

In a radio interview, PDP-Laban Rep. Reynaldo V. Umali of Oriental Mindoro, the panel chairman, said his panel is set to approve this week a report recommending the restoration of the death penalty "to raise the level of fear among criminals."

After the committee approval, Umali said he will sponsor and defend the committee report for plenary approval before Congress goes on Halloween break on Wednesday.

"We're almost ready to submit our report to the committee on Monday for deliberation and approval. Hopefully, within the week, before we close and go on a break, we would have gotten the approval also of the plenary on this committee report," Umali said.

Umali said the leadership of the lower chamber will not recommend the prosecution of any individual, including Sen. Leila de Lima, but will craft new laws to stop or prevent illegal-drugs trade inside the NBP.

He added that the panel will reopen the House probe once Ronnie Dayan appears before the committee. Dayan is allegedly the senator's bag man for drug money collected inside the NBP.

(source: Business Mirror)


56 Prisoners Executed During 17 Days

In a concerning statistical jump, in less than 3 weeks, more than 56 prisoners with different charges were hanged in 10 different cities of Iran.

According to the report of Human Rights Activists News Agency (HRANA), in 17 days, 56 executions were registered in Shahrood, Gorgan, Uremia, Minab, Tabriz, Mashhad, Taybad, Nayriz, and Shiraz.

According to the statistic centre of HRANA, on September 13th, 17 prisoners in Vakil Abad prison with drug related charges, 3 prisoners in Adel Abad in Shiraz, 2 of whom were charged with robbery and 1 other was charged with rape, were hanged.

The new month started with the execution of 1 prisoner in public. A prisoner who was charged with rape, murder, abduction and robbery was hanged in Nayriz stadium, in Fras province.

On Saturday, September 24, 4 drug offenders were hanged in Tabriz central prison.

In Taybad and Uremia on September 25 and 26, 2 prisoners charged with drug related charges were executed.

On September 27, HRANA reported that on 2nd quarter of September, 2 prisoners in Shahrood and 1 in Gorgan were executed.

On September 28, the execution of 7 prisoners with drug related charges was registered.

In continuation of this trend, on September 29, 11 prisoners were executed with the charges of drug smuggling, homicide, and armed robbery.

Finally, 8 prisoners, including 1 woman were hanged in Uremia prison for drug related charges.

(source: HRANA News Agency)

A service courtesy of Washburn University School of Law www.washburnlaw.edu

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