A quick follow-up to close this out. The push to fully address the issue was completed globally shortly before 16:00 UTC on 2019-09-02.
After additional review, we're confident the only certificates affected were these two: https://crt.sh/?id=760396354 https://crt.sh/?id=759833603 Google Trust Services considers this matter fully addressed. We will of course continue our ongoing internal review program, but no other work or information is outstanding at this point. -- Andy Warner Google Trust Services On Friday, August 30, 2019 at 2:39:51 PM UTC-4, Andy Warner wrote: > This is an initial report and we expect to provide some additional details > and the completion timeline after a bit more verification and full deployment > of in-flight mitigations. We are posting the most complete information we > have currently to comply with Mozilla reporting timelines and will follow-up > with additional details soon. > > 1. How your CA first became aware of the problem and the time and date. > > While performing an internal review and assessment of the CRL generation > system for Google Trust Services' GTS CA 1O1 on August 16, 2019, it was > discovered that the CRL generation service did not include CRL entries of > expired certificates. The periodic job only considered certificates with > valid lifetimes. This does not conform to RFC 5280 Section 3.3 which states > that “An entry MUST NOT be removed from the CRL until it appears on one > regularly scheduled CRL issued beyond the revoked certificate's validity > period.” We expect that few, if any, clients have been impacted. For a > client to be impacted they would have to: clock skewed to a time before the > not-after field of the certificate; and have a CRL published after expiration > dropping the revoked certificate. > > > 2. A timeline of the actions your CA took in response. A timeline is a > date-and-time-stamped sequence of all relevant events. This may include > events before the incident was reported, such as when a particular > requirement became applicable, or a document changed, or a bug was > introduced, or an audit was done. > > August 16, 2019 15:00 UTC - Reviewer realizes that CRL will not publish for > one update past expiration > August 16, 2019 16:00 UTC - Reviewer checks for other issues & talks to peers > to confirm problem > August 16, 2019 17:00 UTC - Bug is filed to fix the issue with a proposed > design fix > August 16, 2019 23:30 UTC - Fix is sent for review > August 20, 2019 16:00 UTC - Remediation work is discussed & assigned > August 20, 2019 18:00 UTC - Query to inspect revoked certificates is created > and sent to be run by production team for initial analysis. > August 21, 2019 10:40 UTC - Production team runs query and returns result > August 21, 2019 15:00 UTC - Reviewer analyzes data > August 21, 2019 20:30 UTC - Reviewer asks for a follow up query to ascertain > if any certificates did not make it onto the CRL > August 22, 2019 07:00 UTC - Initial attempt at updating test systems with fix. > August 22, 2019 09:00 UTC - Updating of test systems aborted due to > (unrelated) issues. > August 22, 2019 07:00 UTC - Production team runs query for CRLs that may have > missed a certificate > August 22, 2019 15:00 UTC - Reviewer ascertains that certificates under > question were on a CRL > August 26, 2019 11:00 UTC - Second attempt at updating test systems with fix. > August 26, 2019 13:00 UTC - Test systems updated, confirmed integrity of > fixed software. > August 27, 2019 09:00 UTC - Confirmed fix is effective on test systems. > August 27, 2019 10:00 UTC - present: Ongoing staged deployment to production > systems. Should complete fully by September 3, 2019 17:00 UTC (slightly > extended window due to push policies around holiday weekends. The rollout was > staged in accordance with Google's standard rollout procedures.) > > > 3. Whether your CA has stopped, or has not yet stopped, issuing certificates > with the problem. > > The affected CA software has been patched. It now populates expired > certificates in the CRL for 7 days after their expiration to ensure they > appear in at least one regularly issued CRL update. Automated testing was > added as part of the same patch to check that revoked certificates are kept > in the CRL. The patch was developed, tested, reviewed and landed within the > codebase by August 19, 2019. The CRL entry removal bug has been fully > remediated. > > > 4. A summary of the problematic certificates. For each problem: number of > certs, and the date the first and last certs with that problem were issued. > > Investigation began on August 20, 2019 to discover the potential impact of > the logic bug. The CRL generation had contained the bug since its inception, > affecting all issuance under GTS 1O1 since March 2018. There were 200,263 > revoked certificates during that time window. Almost all certificates were > for internal monitoring specific to checking revocation. The few > non-monitoring certificates were all revocations by clients following > rotation of certificates and not due to compromises. > > > 5. The complete certificate data for the problematic certificates. The > recommended way to provide this is to ensure each certificate is logged to CT > and then list the fingerprints or crt.sh IDs, either in the report or as an > attached spreadsheet, with one list per distinct problem. > > crt.sh IDs to follow, waiting on confirmation that the 2 test certificates > mentioned below are the only cases where the issue was surfaced. > > The team looked for revoked certificates from first issuance that never > appeared within a published CRL from operation of CA until August 21, 2019. > It was detected that 2 test certificates which were revoked within 2 standard > CRL update windows; but both were present in at least one CRL before > expiration. > > > 6. Explanation about how and why the mistakes were made or bugs introduced, > and how they avoided detection until now. > > It is believed that this went unnoticed for so long due to the majority of > requirements being located in CA/B BR 4.10.1 & RFC 5280 section 5. The extra > requirements inside RFC 5280 3.3 were most likely overlooked due to the > explicit wording of the BR - Revocation entries on a CRL or OCSP Response > MUST NOT be removed until after the Expiry Date of the revoked Certificate - > during initial development and subsequent reviews. > > > 7. List of steps your CA is taking to resolve the situation and ensure such > issuance will not be repeated in the future, accompanied with a timeline of > when your CA expects to accomplish these things. > > > Our existing internal review program has proven effective in discovering > issues related to certificates. The program is already in place and will > continue. _______________________________________________ dev-security-policy mailing list firstname.lastname@example.org https://lists.mozilla.org/listinfo/dev-security-policy