BTW, just came across a very typical use case when someone needs to tweak 
transaction isolation level. Somehow we had a hole in the new TX API that 
didn't make it easy to accomplish. So I just added new TransactionListener API 
[1] that makes managing transaction connections more easy. In a way this is a 
recast of the old TransactionDelegate. But the delegate was in the wrong scope 
and was extremely hard to use.

ServerRuntime runtime = ...

TransactionListener listener = new TransactionListener() {
   public void willAddConnection(Transaction tx, String connectionName, 
Connection connection) {

List<MyObject> result = runtime.performInTransaction(
        () -> { ObjectSelect.query(MyObject.class).select(runtime.newContext()) 



> On Sep 6, 2016, at 6:06 AM, Andrus Adamchik <> wrote:
> Transaction handling is "fun". I am really glad our users don't have to deal 
> with transactions directly 99.9% of the time. There are a number of edge 
> cases where Cayenne can't make it fully transparent though. The most typical 
> one is when multiple DB operations overlap. E.g.:
> 1. Operations within callbacks and listeners.
> 2. Operations within an iterated result scope with a single DataSource.
> 3. Operations within an iterated result scope with multiple DataSources (a 
> typical use case with LinkMove).
> Our single thread-bound transaction mechanism often falls short in these 
> cases, as it has to pick a single default behavior out of many possible 
> options. Just yesterday I had to deal with #3 scenario (in LinkMove 
> transactions for source and target DataSources were stepping on each other .. 
> you've probably seen the Jiras). I had to unbind the transaction of the 
> iterated result object from the thread, so that ops executed within the 
> iterator would not try to attach to it. This solved conflicts arising in #3 
> scenario (transactions against 2 DataSources were stepping on each other), 
> and hopefully this is a good default.
> Still I feel we'll need more flexibility in a general case. Overlapping 
> operations means your code (not just Cayenne code) is executed inside a 
> transaction and you suddenly start to care about isolation levels, 
> commit/rollback scope and other fun staff. I am not suggesting any solutions 
> yet. Just thought that I should mention the problem. Hopefully even in these 
> advanced cases we can stay true to Cayenne "you don't have to care about 
> transactions because we do it for you" motto :)
> Andrus

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