For some users, the rte ring's "non-preemptive" constraint is not acceptable;
for example, if the application uses a mixture of pinned high-priority threads
and multiplexed low-priority threads that share a mempool.

This patchset introduces a non-blocking ring, on top of which a mempool can run.
Crucially, the non-blocking algorithm relies on a 128-bit compare-and-swap, so
it is limited to x86_64 machines.

The ring uses more compare-and-swap atomic operations than the regular rte ring:
With no contention, an enqueue of n pointers uses (1 + 2n) CAS operations and a
dequeue of n pointers uses 2. This algorithm has worse average-case performance
than the regular rte ring (particularly a highly-contended ring with large bulk
accesses), however:
- For applications with preemptible pthreads, the regular rte ring's worst-case
  performance (i.e. one thread being preempted in the update_tail() critical
  section) is much worse than the non-blocking ring's.
- Software caching can mitigate the average case performance for ring-based
  algorithms. For example, a non-blocking ring based mempool (a likely use case
  for this ring) with per-thread caching.

The non-blocking ring is enabled via a new flag, RING_F_NB. For ease-of-use,
existing ring enqueue/dequeue functions work with both "regular" and
non-blocking rings.

This patchset also adds non-blocking versions of ring_autotest and
ring_perf_autotest, and a non-blocking ring based mempool.

This patchset makes ABI and API changes; a deprecation notice will be
posted in a separate commit.

This patchset depends on the non-blocking stack patchset[1].


 - Merge separate docs commit into patch #5
 - Convert uintptr_t to size_t
 - Add a compile-time check for the size of size_t
 - Fix a space-after-typecast issue
 - Fix an unnecessary-parentheses checkpatch warning
 - Bump librte_ring's library version

Gage Eads (5):
  ring: change head and tail to pointer-width size
  ring: add a non-blocking implementation
  test_ring: add non-blocking ring autotest
  test_ring_perf: add non-blocking ring perf test
  mempool/ring: add non-blocking ring handlers

 doc/guides/prog_guide/env_abstraction_layer.rst |   2 +-
 drivers/mempool/ring/rte_mempool_ring.c         |  58 ++-
 lib/librte_eventdev/rte_event_ring.h            |   6 +-
 lib/librte_ring/Makefile                        |   2 +-
 lib/librte_ring/                     |   2 +-
 lib/librte_ring/rte_ring.c                      |  53 ++-
 lib/librte_ring/rte_ring.h                      | 564 ++++++++++++++++++++++--
 lib/librte_ring/rte_ring_generic.h              |  16 +-
 lib/librte_ring/            |   7 +
 test/test/test_ring.c                           |  57 ++-
 test/test/test_ring_perf.c                      |  19 +-
 11 files changed, 699 insertions(+), 87 deletions(-)


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