Hi all

From: Burakov, Anatoly, Friday, April 13, 2018 8:41 PM
> To: Bruce Richardson <bruce.richard...@intel.com>; Thomas Monjalon
> <tho...@monjalon.net>
> Cc: dev@dpdk.org; pmati...@redhat.com; david.march...@6wind.com;
> jia....@intel.com; Matan Azrad <ma...@mellanox.com>;
> konstantin.anan...@intel.com; step...@networkplumber.org;
> f...@redhat.com
> Subject: Re: kernel binding of devices + hotplug
> On 13-Apr-18 5:40 PM, Bruce Richardson wrote:
> > On Fri, Apr 13, 2018 at 06:31:21PM +0200, Thomas Monjalon wrote:
> >> It's time to think (again) how we bind devices with kernel modules.
> >> We need to decide how we want to manage hotplugged devices with
> >>
> >> A bit of history first.
> >> There was some code in DPDK for bind/unbind, but it has been removed
> >> in DPDK 1.7 -
> >>
> https://emea01.safelinks.protection.outlook.com/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fdpd
> >>
> k.org%2Fcommit%2F5d8751b83&data=02%7C01%7Cmatan%40mellanox.com
> %7C6ea5
> >>
> 5ce994ff4bb0d65208d5a165b417%7Ca652971c7d2e4d9ba6a4d149256f461b%7
> C0%7
> >>
> C0%7C636592380565078675&sdata=uLRDAk65hYtJYxjIvY20de377yayCN5DrjCZ
> x8H
> >> p61o%3D&reserved=0 Copy of the commit message (in 2014):
> >> "
> >>    The bind/unbind operations should not be handled by the eal.
> >>    These operations should be either done outside of dpdk or
> >>    inside the PMDs themselves as these are their problems.
> >> "
> >>
> >> The question raised at this time (4 years ago) is still under discussion.
> >> Should we manage binding inside or outside DPDK?
> >> Should it be controlled in the application or in the OS base?
> >>
> >> As you know, we use dpdk-devbind.py.
> >> This tool lacks two major features:
> >>    - persistent configuration
> >>    - hotplug
> >>
> >> If we consider that the DPDK applications should be able to apply its
> >> own policy to choose the devices to bind, then we need to implement
> >> binding in the PMD (with EAL helpers).
> >>
> >> On the other hand, if we consider that it is the system
> >> responsibility, then we could choose systemd/udev and driverctl.
> >>
> >> The debate is launched!
> >>
> >
> > Allow me to nail my colours to the mast early! :-)
> >
> > I believe it's system not application responsibility.
> > I also believe I have previously explained my reasons for that choice
> > in some of the previous email threads.
> For what it's worth, I tend to agree, if only because writing code for what is
> essentially a bunch of read/write/filesystem enumeration in C is extremely
> fiddly and error prone :) IMO things like this are better handled either by
> scripts, or by tools whose sole purpose is doing exactly that (or both).
> I like having scripts like devbind in DPDK because we can tailor them to our
> use cases better, and having them is amenable to automation, but while I
> wouldn't be opposed to removing them altogether in favor of some external
> tool (systemd/udev/driverctl/whatever), in my humble opinion moving them
> back into EAL or even PMD's would be a mistake.

Since the application runs in the system by a command of the system user I 
think the responsibility is for the user.
The DPDK user forwards the control of some devices to the DPDK application 
using the EAL whitelist\blacklist mode to specify the devices,
Any DPDK PMD should know which binding it needs to probe\control the device and 
can apply it,
So, if the user asks to control on a device by DPDK application it makes sense 
that the application will do the correct binding to the device since the user 
wants to use it(no need to ask more operation of pre binding from the user).

Regarding the conflict of system rules for a device, it is again the user 
responsibility, whatever we will decide for the binding procedure of DPDK 
application the user needs to take it into account and to solve such like 
One option is to remove any binding rules of a DPDK device in the DPDK 
application initialization and adjust the new rules by the PMDs, then any 
conflict should not disturb the user.

In current hot-plug case the application will need to do a lot of work to 
bind\remap devices in plug-in\plug-out events while the PMD could have all the 
knowledge to do it. 

One more issue with the script is that the user should do different bind per 
device, in case of PMD responsibility the user can forget it:
Think about that, any time the user wants to switch\add new supported nic it 
should update the script usage and to do per nic operation contrary to the DPDK 


> Thanks,
> Anatoly

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