Ismael Juma commented on KAFKA-4039:

Seems important to fix the deadlock for

> Exit Strategy: using exceptions instead of inline invocation of exit/halt
> -------------------------------------------------------------------------
>                 Key: KAFKA-4039
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/KAFKA-4039
>             Project: Kafka
>          Issue Type: Bug
>          Components: core
>    Affects Versions:
>            Reporter: Maysam Yabandeh
>            Priority: Critical
>             Fix For:
>         Attachments: deadlock-stack2
> The current practice is to directly invoke halt/exit right after the line 
> that intends to terminate the execution. In the case of System.exit this 
> could cause deadlocks if the thread invoking System.exit is holding  a lock 
> that will be requested by the shutdown hook threads that will be started by 
> System.exit. An example is reported by [~aozeritsky] in KAFKA-3924. This 
> would also makes testing more difficult as it would require mocking static 
> methods of System and Runtime classes, which is not natively supported in 
> Java.
> One alternative suggested 
> [here|https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/KAFKA-3924?focusedCommentId=15420269&page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel#comment-15420269]
>  would be to throw some dedicated exceptions that will eventually invoke 
> exit/halt:
> {quote} it would be great to move away from executing `System.exit` inline in 
> favour of throwing an exception (two examples, but maybe we can find better 
> names: FatalExitException and FatalHaltException) that is caught by some 
> central code that then does the `System.exit` or `Runtime.getRuntime.halt`. 
> This helps in a couple of ways:
> (1) Avoids issues with locks being held as in this issue
> (2) It makes it possible to abstract the action, which is very useful in 
> tests. At the moment, we can't easily test for these conditions as they cause 
> the whole test harness to exit. Worse, these conditions are sometimes 
> triggered in the tests and it's unclear why.
> (3) We can have more consistent logging around these actions and possibly 
> extended logging for tests
> {quote}

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