I agree with Tianqi. We should let MKLDNN partitipate in memory planning by 
first having a separate NNVM pass and then using that info in the regular 
memory planning phase.

Its starting to sound like MKLDNN should be treated like an accelerator rather 
than an operator library. As it has explicit needs and can provide acceleration 
when given extra capabilities in MXNet like having input to the memory planning 
NNVM pass. It also has special tensor formatting needs and conversions that 
could be best architected in another way than they currently are.

We need to think about how we want to architect this for maintainability, 
testability, and readability.

Sam


> On Apr 9, 2019, at 11:11 AM, Tianqi Chen <tqc...@cs.washington.edu> wrote:
> 
> The layout transformation should really be a separate optimization pass
> rather than memory planning. As is done in the TVM stack. If we want to do
> a clean slate solution, I would recommend looking into that instead.
> 
> TIanqi
> 
> On Tue, Apr 9, 2019 at 1:46 AM Lv, Tao A <tao.a...@intel.com> wrote:
> 
>> 
>> 
>> Hi dev,
>> 
>> 
>> 
>> As we're discussing the roadmap for MXNet 2.0, I would like to start a
>> thread about refining the InferStorageType and memory planning pass in
>> MXNet and hope it can happen as a part of the 2.0 release.
>> 
>> 
>> 
>> Thanks to @eric-haibin-lin, part of the proposal has already been
>> discussed in issue #13598 [1].
>> 
>> 
>> 
>> As mentioned in the description of issue #13598, there are several
>> drawbacks of the existing flow. Please allow me to quote them here:
>> *        the selection of MKL/CPU/GPU/CUDNN implementation happens after
>> graph attribute inference and memory planning, memory planning is thus not
>> aware of the implementation that will be used for execution in the future,
>> which may result in sub-optimal result. For example, the memory inplace
>> option may vary depending on the accelerator backend (the new version of
>> CUDNN enables x/dx inplace for _backward_conv).
>> *        some sparse operator need to access dtype/shape information to
>> decide which implementation to invoke for execution, and whether to perform
>> fallback. This information is not yet exposed in the existing infer storage
>> type interface.
>> 
>> 
>> 
>> Besides, the existing memory planning pass calculates and afterwards
>> allocates memory strictly according to the input/output tensor shapes
>> (which can be got from operators' arithmetic formulas through InferShape).
>> That's not true anymore when we come to accelerators like MKL-DNN on CPU
>> which wants to pad input/output tensor to optimal formats (eg. nchw16c)
>> according to hardware architecture. It also can be described as shape +
>> stride. As many of you know, MKL-DNN shows great performance on these
>> optimal formats which is blocked by the vector length of AVX512 or AVX2.
>> It's very natural for us to pad on the channel dimension for those
>> inputs/outputs which IC or OC is not multiples of vector length and
>> leverage optimal kernels for blocked formats. Unfortunately this cannot be
>> implemented without changing the logic in the memory planning pass.
>> Currently we always fallback to slow reference kernels for both convolution
>> [1] and deconvolution [2].
>> 
>> 
>> 
>> AFAIK, the padding feature of MKL-DNN has already been used in TensorFlow
>> and other frameworks. We also found that, without supporting this feature,
>> many other new features from MKL-DNN cannot be applied to MXNet,  such as
>> the deconvolution primitive, winograd, etc.
>> 
>> 
>> 
>> Changes for this proposal can be divided into following parts:
>> 1.      Following the proposal in issue #13598, we need add new
>> InferStorageTypeEx functions to operators which need to do dispatch in a
>> more fine-grained way. This also need the InfereStorage pass can handle the
>> new -Ex function as what we did for FCompute and FComputeEx.
>> 2.      Attach more information to the computation graph/node, eg.
>> accelerator specific information. Currently we add `IsMKLDNN` directly
>> during operator registration if MXNET_USE_MKLDNN == 1. It looks simple and
>> rude to me.
>> 3.      Do memory planning according to more information: topology,
>> shapes, data types, in-place options and more accurate accelerator
>> information (accelerator path, memory size requirements, accelerator-wise
>> attributes).
>> 4.      Improve MKL-DNN operators so they can work on those well planned
>> memory which may be larger than the arithmetic requirements and work with
>> optimal kernels. Also, with more accurate dispatching in
>> InferStorageTypeEx, there is no need for us to write complicated fallback
>> logic in MKL-DNN operators.
>> 5.      If users feel uncomfortable with more memory usage, we can disable
>> this feature by environmental variables.
>> 
>> 
>> 
>> Since the memory planning pass is implemented in NNVM, so we also need
>> support from TVM community.
>> 
>> 
>> 
>> Please let me know what do you think. Thank you.
>> 
>> 
>> 
>> -tao
>> 
>> 
>> 
>> [1] https://github.com/apache/incubator-mxnet/issues/13598
>> 
>> [2]
>> https://github.com/apache/incubator-mxnet/blob/master/src/operator/nn/mkldnn/mkldnn_convolution.cc#L194
>> 
>> [3]
>> https://github.com/apache/incubator-mxnet/blob/master/src/operator/nn/mkldnn/mkldnn_deconvolution.cc#L55
>> 
>> 

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