i am currently implementing an application that heavily relies on rackets
great serialize functionality to exchange data between racket processes on
different computers. That works well until i stumbled over a very
confusion behavior of rackets filesystem and module path resolution.
I will explain first, what i observed and then why this causes some
* relative (module) paths are resolved with something like (or
* collection paths are resolved with
(find-executable-path (find-system-path 'exec-file) (find-system-path
'collects-dir)) for the system collection and with the given path for the
* you can require a module relative and via collection, if they resolve to
the same name, there is no error
serialize stores the module path and symbol where the deserialize function
can be found. It's interesting how this module path is determined
* If the file containing the deserialize identifier (if implemented by
hand or the file where e.g serializable-stuct is used) is loaded via
collection, then the serialized stream contains a collection path
(determined via identifier binding and mpi magic)
* If this file is loaded relative, the fallback method with
current-(load)-directory is used
Nothing special so far, but the fun starts with how current-directory is
initialized. It uses (on *nix systems) getcwd() but this function returns
the path with all symbolic links resolved (getcwd is only a thin
OS-wrapper, and the OS provides nothing else).
This little detail can easily break the serialization framework (and maybe
other things too).
The scenario is a file that is in a path containing a symlink and that is
in the current collections, e.g
and file.rkt contains a serializable-struct definition.
Now one racket process loads "file.rkt" relative, serializes a struct
instance and sends it to another racket process. The other process loads
def/file via collection and deserialies the struct. The receiver now has a
struct that is of a different type and that he can't access.
This fails because the serialized data contains the absolute symlink-free
path that differs from the path the receiver used to load file.rkt
(because for collection dirs symlinks are not resolved).
The same happens of course when the data is send to another computer that
has a symlink in the path to file.rkt, even if they both load the same way.
The confusing thing is that from the users point of view everything is
consistent. His working directory and collections all point to the same
It is clear that this behavior is by far not limited to racket as nearly
all programming languages use getcwd internally. A quick google search for
getcwd and symlinks gives a lot of results...
I came up with a few solutions but i would like to get some feedback on
them. They all more or less use that the shell keeps track of the 'real'
(better: visible) working directory. Most *nix shells set 'PWD' in the
environment but it is not guaranteed and can of cause be altered by the
- The quick and very dirty hack is to set the current-directoy before any
use code is executed
racket -e '(current-directory (or (getenv "PWD") (current-directory)))'
Too ugly to really use it...
- A better fix would be to change how the current-directory parameter is
initialized during the startup. It could be some heuristic that tries to
use the env-variable if it is a complete and existing path and falls back
to getcwd otherwise. As far as i can tell this won't break anything
because after this one time at startup the C-sides cwd and rackets
parameter are completely decoupled.
- A more conservative solution would be a command line argument to racket
to set the initial value for current-directory. One could then populate it
with env's PWD or from `pwd` or whatever suits.
I would appreciate any feedback on how i can work around this behavior
(except don't use symlinks ...) or if i missed something obvious. If not,
would any of the two real solutions be viable? They shouldn't be too hard
to implement i could create a patch if one of them seems ok.
DLR / Robotics and Mechatronics Center (RMC)
Muenchner Str. 20, D-82234 Wessling
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