Common systems like glibc and FreeBSD define int32_t to int.  This means
a lot of third party code works well in these cases:

  #include <stdint.h>

  void f(int32_t);

  void f(int);

  void g(int32_t *);

  void h(void)
    int i;

On RTEMS you got however in C

  test.c:5:6: error: conflicting types for 'f'
    void f(int);
  test.c:3:6: note: previous declaration of 'f' was here
    void f(int32_t);
  test.c: In function 'h':
  test.c:12:4: warning: passing argument 1 of 'g' from incompatible
  pointer type [-Wincompatible-pointer-types]
  test.c:7:6: note: expected 'int32_t * {aka long int *}' but argument
  is of type 'int *' void g(int32_t *);

and C++

  test.c: In function 'void h()':
  test.c:12:4: error: invalid conversion from 'int*' to 'int32_t* {aka
  long int*}' [-fpermissive]
  test.c:7:6: note:   initializing argument 1 of 'void g(int32_t*)'
    void g(int32_t *);

This was due to a Newlib speciality which uses long for int32_t if long
is a 32-bit type.  To ease the use of third party software in RTEMS we
override this Newlib option now and use int for int32_t if int is a
32-bit type.

        * config/rtems.h (STDINT_LONG32): Define.
 gcc/config/rtems.h | 4 ++++
 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+)

diff --git a/gcc/config/rtems.h b/gcc/config/rtems.h
index 439199d4cbb..35026efa2c7 100644
--- a/gcc/config/rtems.h
+++ b/gcc/config/rtems.h
@@ -48,3 +48,7 @@
  -latomic -lc -lgcc --end-group %{!qnolinkcmds: -T linkcmds%s}}}"
+/* Prefer int for int32_t (see stdint-newlib.h).  */
+#undef STDINT_LONG32
+#define STDINT_LONG32 (INT_TYPE_SIZE != 32 && LONG_TYPE_SIZE == 32)

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