On Sunday, 15 June 2014 at 21:38:18 UTC, Dmitry Olshansky wrote:
15-Jun-2014 20:21, Dicebot пишет:
On Saturday, 14 June 2014 at 16:34:35 UTC, Dmitry Olshansky
But let's face it - it's a one-time job to get it right in
favorite build tool. Then you have fast and cached (re)build.
Comparatively costs of CTFE generation are paid in full
There is no such thing as one-time job in programming unless
alone and abandon any long-term maintenance. As time goes any
that can possibly happen will inevitably happen.
The frequency of such event is orders of magnitude smaller.
Let's not take arguments to supreme as then doing anything is
futile due to the potential of mistake it introduces sooner or
It is more likely to happen if you change you build scripts more
often. And this is exactly what you propose.
I am not going to say it is impractical, just mentioning flaws
that make me seek for better solution.
Automation. Dumping the body of ctRegex is manual work after
all, including putting it with the right symbol. In proposed
scheme it's just a matter of copy-pasting a pattern after
initial setup has been done.
I think defining regexes in separate module is even less of an
effort than adding few lines to the build script ;)
It is somewhat worse because you don't routinely change
libraries, as opposed to local sources.
But surely we have libraries that are built as separate project
and are "external" dependencies, right? There is nothing new
here except that "d-->obj-->lib file" is changed to
"generator-->generated D file--->obj file".
Ok, I am probably convinced on this one. Incidentally I do always
prefer full source builds as opposed to static library separation
inside application itself. When there is enough RAM for dmd of
dub is terrible at defining any complicated build models.
anything that is not single step compile-them-all approach can
Huge mess to maintain. According to my experience
done via calling external shell script.
I'm not going to like dub then ;)
It is primarily source dependency manager, not a build tool. I
remember Sonke mentioning it is intentionally kept simplistic to
guarantee no platform-unique features are ever needed.
For anything complicated I'd probably wrap dub call inside
makefile to prepare all necessary extra files.
If using external generators is
necessary I will take make over anything else :)
Then I understand your point about inevitable mistakes, it's
all in the tool.
make is actually pretty good if you don't care about other
platforms than Linux. Well, other than stupid whitespace
sensitivity. But it is incredibly good at defining build systems
with chained dependencies.
What I want to point out is to not mistake goals and the means
to an end. No matter how we call it CTFE code generation is
just a means to an end, with serious limitations (especially as
it stands today, in the real world).
I agree. What I do disagree about is definition of the goal. It
is not just "generating code", it is "generating code in a manner
understood by compiler".
For instance if D compiler allowed external tools as plugins
(just an example to show means vs ends distinction) with some
form of the following construct:
mixin(call_external_tool("args", 3, 14, 15, .92));
it would make any generation totally practical *today*.
But this is exactly the case when language integration gives you
nothing over build system solution :) If compiler itself is not
aware how code gets generated from arguments, there is no real
advantage in putting tool invocation inline.
How long till C preprocessor is working at CTFE? How long till
it's practical to do:
and have it done optimally fast at CTFE?
Never, but it is not really about being fast or convenient. For
htod you don't want just C grammar / preprocessor support, you
want it as good as one in real C compilers.
My answer is - no amount of JITing CTFE and compiler
architecture improvements in foreseeable future will get it
better then standalone tool(s), due to the mentioned
There are real practical boundaries on where an internal
interpreter can stay competitive.
I don't see any fundamental practical boundaries. Quality of
implementation ones - sure. Quite the contrary, I totally see how
better compiler can easily outperform any external tools for most
build tasks despite somewhat worse JIT codegen - it has huge
advantage of being able to work on language semantical entities
and not just files. That allows much smarter caching and
dependency tracking, something external tools will never be able