# [Issue 5550] std.range.enumerate()

`http://d.puremagic.com/issues/show_bug.cgi?id=5550`
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--- Comment #4 from bearophile_h...@eml.cc 2012-07-13 14:54:58 PDT ---
A well implemented enumerate() seems useful to avoid one of my recurrent D
bugs. This is a simplified example to show the bug. I have to create a matrix
like this:

0 10 20 30
0 11 21 31
0 12 22 32

There are many ways to inizialize a matrix like that, this is one way, but it's
not complete:

import std.stdio;
void main() {
auto M = [[0, 0, 0, 0], [0, 0, 0, 0], [0, 0, 0, 0]];
foreach (r, row; M)
foreach (c, ref item; row)
item = c * 10 + r;
writefln("%(%s\n%)", M);
}

It outputs:

[0, 10, 20, 30]
[1, 11, 21, 31]
[2, 12, 22, 32]

To complete the algorithm, that is to not touch the first column, I can use
just a slice in the second foreach, to not touch the first column:

import std.stdio;
void main() {
auto M = [[0, 0, 0, 0], [0, 0, 0, 0], [0, 0, 0, 0]];
foreach (r, row; M)
foreach (c, ref item; row[1 .. \$])
item = c * 10 + r;
writefln("%(%s\n%)", M);
}

But this introduces the bug:

[0, 0, 10, 20]
[0, 1, 11, 21]
[0, 2, 12, 22]

Slicing 'row' from the second item I avoid to write on the first cells of each
row, but the 'c' index doesn't get sliced, it starts from zero still. One
correct version needs to increment c by one in the formula:

import std.stdio;
void main() {
auto M = [[0, 0, 0, 0], [0, 0, 0, 0], [0, 0, 0, 0]];
foreach (r, row; M)
foreach (c, ref item; row[1 .. \$])
item = (c + 1) * 10 + r;
writefln("%(%s\n%)", M);
}

Another solution is to ignore the c==0:

foreach (r, row; M)
foreach (c, ref item; row)
if (c != 0)
item = c * 10 + r;

A well implemented enumerate() is one way to avoid that problem (other
solutions are possible), now 'c' gets sliced, so it doesn't start from zero:

import std.stdio;
void main() {
auto M = [[0, 0, 0, 0], [0, 0, 0, 0], [0, 0, 0, 0]];
foreach (r, row; M)
foreach (c, ref item; enumerate(row)[1 .. \$])
item = c * 10 + r;
writefln("%(%s\n%)", M);
}

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