Dear all, This is the initial proposal for extending DRM API with generic support for hardware modules, which can be used for processing image data from the one memory buffer to another. Typical memory-to-memory operations are: rotation, scaling, colour space conversion or mix of them. In this proposal I named such hardware modules a framebuffer processors.
Embedded SoCs are known to have a number of hardware blocks, which perform such operations. They can be used in paralel to the main GPU module to offload CPU from processing grapics or video data. One of example use of such modules is implementing video overlay, which usually requires color space conversion from NV12 (or similar) to RGB32 color space and scaling to target window size. Till now there was no generic, hardware independent API for performing such operations. Exynos DRM driver has its own custom extension called IPP (Image Post Processing), but frankly speaking, it is over-engineered and not really used in open-source. I didn't indentify similar API in other DRM drivers, besides those which expose complete support for the whole GPU. However, the need for commmon API has been already mentioned on the mailing list. Here are some example threads: 1. "RFC: hardware accelerated bitblt using dma engine" http://www.spinics.net/lists/dri-devel/msg114250.html 2. "[PATCH 00/25] Exynos DRM: new life of IPP (Image Post Processing) subsystem" https://lists.freedesktop.org/archives/dri-devel/2015-November/094115.html https://lists.freedesktop.org/archives/dri-devel/2015-November/094533.html The proposed API is heavily inspired by atomic KMS approach - it is also based on DRM objects and their properties. A new DRM object is introduced: framebuffer processor (called fbproc for convenience). Such fbproc objects have a set of standard DRM properties, which describes the operation to be performed by respective hardware module. In typical case those properties are a source fb id and rectangle (x, y, width, height) and destination fb id and rectangle. Optionally a rotation property can be also specified if supported by the given hardware. To perform an operation on image data, userspace provides a set of properties and their values for given fbproc object in a similar way as object and properties are provided for performing atomic page flip / mode setting. The proposed API consists of the 3 new ioctls: - DRM_IOCTL_MODE_GETFBPROCRESOURCES: to enumerate all available fbproc objects, - DRM_IOCTL_MODE_GETFBPROC: to query capabilities of given fbproc object, - DRM_IOCTL_MODE_FBPROC: to perform operation described by given property set. The proposed API is extensible. Drivers can attach their own, custom properties to add support for more advanced picture processing (for example blending). Please note that this API is intended to be used for simple memory-to-memory image processing hardware not the full-blown GPU blitters, which usually have more features. Typically blitters provides much more operations beside simple pixel copying and operate best if its command queue is controlled from respective dedicated code in userspace. The patchset consist of 4 parts: 1. generic code for DRM core for handling fbproc objects and ioctls 2. example, quick conversion of Exynos Rotator driver to fbproc API 3. libdrm extensions for handling fbproc objects 4. simple example of userspace code for performing 180 degree rotation of the framebuffer Patches were tested on Exynos 4412-based Odroid U3 board, on top of Linux v4.8-rc1 kernel. TODO: 1. agree on the API shape 2. add more documentation, especially to the kernel docs 3. add more userspace examples Best regards Marek Szyprowski Samsung R&D Institute Poland Marek Szyprowski (2): drm: add support for framebuffer processor objects drm/exynos: register rotator as fbproc instead of custom ipp framework drivers/gpu/drm/Makefile | 3 +- drivers/gpu/drm/drm_atomic.c | 5 + drivers/gpu/drm/drm_crtc.c | 6 + drivers/gpu/drm/drm_crtc_internal.h | 12 + drivers/gpu/drm/drm_fbproc.c | 754 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ drivers/gpu/drm/drm_ioctl.c | 3 + drivers/gpu/drm/exynos/Kconfig | 1 - drivers/gpu/drm/exynos/exynos_drm_drv.c | 3 +- drivers/gpu/drm/exynos/exynos_drm_rotator.c | 353 +++++++------ drivers/gpu/drm/exynos/exynos_drm_rotator.h | 19 - include/drm/drmP.h | 10 + include/drm/drm_crtc.h | 211 ++++++++ include/drm/drm_irq.h | 14 + include/uapi/drm/drm.h | 13 + include/uapi/drm/drm_mode.h | 39 ++ 15 files changed, 1263 insertions(+), 183 deletions(-) create mode 100644 drivers/gpu/drm/drm_fbproc.c delete mode 100644 drivers/gpu/drm/exynos/exynos_drm_rotator.h -- 1.9.1