Hi Ville,

Thanks yet again to look into this.

I am still skeptical about rejecting the mode, if aspect ratio cap is not set.
Perhaps I am not aware with the userspace expectations.

Please find my response inline:

On 2/13/2018 6:48 PM, Ville Syrjälä wrote:
On Tue, Feb 13, 2018 at 10:21:15AM +0530, Nautiyal, Ankit K wrote:
Hi Ville,

As per our last discussion, following points were discussed:

1. To suppress the aspect-ratio info from getblob ioctl to a user that
does not support it:

      i. A new flag must be added to drm_blob_property to mark if the
blob has mode data.

      ii. This flag must be set when the user tries do an atomic modeset.

      iii. In the getblob ioctl, based on the above flag, it can be
determined that if the blob

      has mode data, and the aspect ratio info can be suppressed in
getblob ioctl, if user does not support it.

2. Instead of adding aspect ratio capabilities in drm_atomic_state, pass
on the file_priv which already has

the required information to the function drm_mode_convert_umode.

It will require addition of an new argument file_priv to several
functions, but that is right thing to do,

as file_priv is the correct structure for the capability information.

3. Changing the usermode aspect ratio flag bits, without change in the
picture_aspect_ratio would not matter, and does not need to be handled
in this patch.

I just have one query here. We have agreed to modify
drm_mode_convert_umode, to filter out the aspect-ratio

info if user has not set aspect-ratio capability, but do we need a
similar change the drm_mode_convert_to_umode?
I think you maybe had those backwards.

drm_mode_convert_umode(), or more likely its relevant callers setcrtc
and setproperty, need to reject the mode if the client cap is not set.
I guess, rejecting the mode, altogether can break the existing user-spaces.
Current user-spaces, oblivious of the aspect-ratio capability in drm, will not set the aspect-ratio capability. Some of them, might have some garbage value in the aspect ratio bits of the user mode. If we reject such
modes, the user-spaces that were earlier working will break.
(But if we are sure, that the aspect ratio flag bits will all be reset, then it makes sense to reject the mode.)

Instead of rejecting such modes, if we just only ignore the aspect ratio bits in such cases, and carry on with the modeset for the given user mode, the behaviour would be intact, just as prior to the aspect ratio changes.

drm_mode_convert_to_umode(), or rather its callers getblob and getcrtc,
need to filter out the flags.

Yes right. I'll be filtering out the flags in the getblob and getcrtc functions.

Thanks & Regards,
If we do, I am not sure if it would be possible to have the file_priv to
/drm_atomic_set_mode_for_crtc/, which calls

drm_mode_convert_to_umode.  The function /drm_atomic_set_mode_for_crtc/
is used to set mode, originating by kernel,

and make a blob from the kernel mode, which it saves in crtc_state.

This function /: drm_atomic_set_mode_for_crtc, /is called by several
helper functions and driver functions, and passing

file_priv from all these functions does not seem to be plausible.
I don't think we need to plumb it quite that deep. Doing the
check in drm_atomic_crtc_set_property() should be sufficient.

Any suggestions on how to handle this situation?



On 2/8/2018 9:59 AM, Nautiyal, Ankit K wrote:
Hi Ville,

I still have some queries regarding the handling of aspect ratio flags
in getblob ioctl.

Please find below my responses inline.

On 2/1/2018 6:24 PM, Ville Syrjälä wrote:
On Thu, Feb 01, 2018 at 04:35:22PM +0530, Nautiyal, Ankit K wrote:
Hi Ville,

Appreciate your time and the suggestions.
Please find my response inline:

On 1/31/2018 6:39 PM, Ville Syrjälä wrote:
On Wed, Jan 31, 2018 at 12:04:52PM +0530, Nautiyal, Ankit K wrote:
On 1/30/2018 12:23 AM, Ville Syrjälä wrote:
On Fri, Jan 12, 2018 at 11:51:33AM +0530, Nautiyal, Ankit K wrote:
From: Ankit Nautiyal <ankit.k.nauti...@intel.com>

If the user mode does not support aspect-ratio, and requests for
a modeset, then the flag bits representing aspect ratio in the
given user-mode must be rejected.
Similarly, while preparing a user-mode from kernel mode, the
aspect-ratio info must not be given, if aspect-ratio is not
supported by the user.

This patch:
1. adds a new bit field aspect_ratio_allowed in drm_atomic_state,
which is set only if the aspect-ratio is supported by the user.
2. discards the aspect-ratio info from the user mode while
preparing kernel mode structure, during modeset, if the
user does not support aspect ratio.
3. avoids setting the aspect-ratio info in user-mode, while
converting user-mode from the kernel-mode.

Signed-off-by: Ankit Nautiyal <ankit.k.nauti...@intel.com>

V3: Addressed review comments from Ville:
-Do not corrupt the current crtc state by updating aspect ratio
on the fly.
     drivers/gpu/drm/drm_atomic.c | 61
     drivers/gpu/drm/drm_crtc.c   | 19 ++++++++++++++
     include/drm/drm_atomic.h     |  2 ++
     3 files changed, 79 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_atomic.c
index 69ff763..39313e2 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_atomic.c
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_atomic.c
@@ -316,6 +316,35 @@ static s32 __user
*get_out_fence_for_crtc(struct drm_atomic_state *state,
             return fence_ptr;
+ * drm_atomic_allow_aspect_ratio_for_kmode
+ * @state: the crtc state
+ * @mode: kernel-internal mode, which is used to create a
duplicate mode,
+ * with updated picture aspect ratio.
+ *
+ * Allow the aspect ratio info in the kernel mode only if
aspect ratio is
+ * supported.
+ *
+ * kernel-internal mode with updated picture aspect ratio value.
+ */
+struct drm_display_mode*
+drm_atomic_allow_aspect_ratio_for_kmode(struct drm_crtc_state
+                    const struct drm_display_mode *mode)
+    struct drm_atomic_state *atomic_state = state->state;
+    struct drm_display_mode *ar_kmode;
+    ar_kmode = drm_mode_duplicate(state->crtc->dev, mode);
+    /*
+     * If aspect ratio is not supported, set the picture aspect
ratio as
+     * NONE.
+     */
+    if (atomic_state && !atomic_state->allow_aspect_ratio)
+        ar_kmode->picture_aspect_ratio = HDMI_PICTURE_ASPECT_NONE;
+    return ar_kmode;
      * drm_atomic_set_mode_for_crtc - set mode for CRTC
@@ -341,7 +370,10 @@ int drm_atomic_set_mode_for_crtc(struct
drm_crtc_state *state,
         state->mode_blob = NULL;
             if (mode) {
-        drm_mode_convert_to_umode(&umode, mode);
+        struct drm_display_mode *ar_mode;
+        ar_mode =
drm_atomic_allow_aspect_ratio_for_kmode(state, mode);
+        drm_mode_convert_to_umode(&umode, ar_mode);
This still looks sketchy.

I believe there are just two places where we need to filter out the
aspect ratio flags from the umode, namely the getblob and getcrtc
AFAIK The getblob ioctl can be called for edid blob, gamma, ctm blob,
etc. apart from the mode blob.
Is there any way to check from blob id (or by any other means),
if the data is for the mode, or edid, or gamma etc.
I think we'd have to somehow mark the mode blobs as special. Until we
have more need for cleaning up blobs before returning them to
I think a simple flag should do. If we come up with more uses like
then it might make sense to introduce some kind of optional filter
function for blobs.
If my understanding is correct,
1. To be able to do this, we need to change in uapi.
We should be fine with an internal flag. Obviously it won't be set
for blobs freshly created by userspace, but that's fine because we
do no other error checking for them either. The error checking will
happen when the user tries to actually use the blob.
I am not sure why getblob ioctl should even come into picture.
(Perhaps I am missing something).
As per my understanding:
If a userspace needs to set a mode, it will just create a blob with
and get the blob-id. This blob-id would be supplied to
drm_mode_atomic_ioctl as a crtc
property mode_id.
At the kernel side,  the crtc property mode_id is set by looking-up
for mode blob from blob id.
I am doing the change in the user mode aspect-ratio flags at this

As far as getblob ioctl is concerned, if the user does call getblob
ioctl for getting mode blob from
the blob id, it will receive the same mode blob, with same aspect
ratio info which the user had
created using create blob ioctl. If it does want to use the blob, it
has to come through the
drm_mode_atomic_ioctl way, where aspect ratio flags are handled.

2. Whenever the userspace creates a blob for mode, the new flag/class
for blob type needs to be set.

Do you think that it's worth the effort?
If we can check that, I can make sure that aspect-ratio flags are
care of, if the blob is for mode,
and the aspect ratio is not supported.

And for checking the user input I think we should probably just
stick that into drm_mode_convert_umode(). Looks like we never call
that from anywhere but the atomic/setprop and setcrtc paths with
a non-NULL argument.

I *think* those three places should be sufficient to cover
Agreed. Infact I tried to do that first, but the only problem we have
here, is that, the file_priv
which has the aspect ratio capability information is not supplied
to the
or the functions calling, drm_mode_conver_umode(). At best we have
Simply passing the file_priv down would seem like the most obvious
This means we have to make change in various drivers and we have to
the file_priv
parameter three levels down. Should we think of a better way for
doing this?
Coccinelle is pretty good at modifying function parameters.
Thanks for pointing out Coccinelle, will defintely try that out.
But my question here is whether we really want to drag the file_priv
from drm_mode_atomic_ioctl --> drm_mode_atomic_set_property -->
drm_atomic_crtc_set_property --> drm_mode_set_mode_prop_for_crtc-->

Instead, I tried to add a new field (allow_aspect_ratio) in
drm_crtc_state which is
already passed from the drm_mode_atomic_ioctl all the way to

I have added an aspect ratio allowed flag  in
drm_crtc_state->state so
that its available in the
functions calling drm_mode_convert_umode.

I am open to suggestion to avoid adding a new flag in
if there is a better
way to let the drm_mode_convert_umode( ) know that user supports
ratio capability.
             state->mode_blob =
@@ -349,10 +381,11 @@ int drm_atomic_set_mode_for_crtc(struct
drm_crtc_state *state,
             if (IS_ERR(state->mode_blob))
                 return PTR_ERR(state->mode_blob);
     -        drm_mode_copy(&state->mode, mode);
+        drm_mode_copy(&state->mode, ar_mode);
             state->enable = true;
             DRM_DEBUG_ATOMIC("Set [MODE:%s] for CRTC state %p\n",
-                 mode->name, state);
+                 ar_mode->name, state);
+        drm_mode_destroy(state->crtc->dev, ar_mode);
         } else {
             memset(&state->mode, 0, sizeof(state->mode));
             state->enable = false;
@@ -436,6 +469,25 @@
drm_atomic_replace_property_blob_from_id(struct drm_device *dev,
+ * drm_atomic_allow_aspect_ratio_for_umode
+ * @state: the crtc state
+ * @umode: userspace mode, whose aspect ratio flag bits are to
be updated.
+ *
+ * Allow the aspect ratio info in the userspace mode only if
aspect ratio is
+ * supported.
+ */
+drm_atomic_allow_aspect_ratio_for_umode(struct drm_crtc_state
+                    struct drm_mode_modeinfo *umode)
+    struct drm_atomic_state *atomic_state = state->state;
+    /* Reset the aspect ratio flags if aspect ratio is not
supported */
+    if (atomic_state && !atomic_state->allow_aspect_ratio)
+        umode->flags &= (~DRM_MODE_FLAG_PIC_AR_MASK);
      * drm_atomic_crtc_set_property - set property on CRTC
      * @crtc: the drm CRTC to set a property on
      * @state: the state object to update with the new property
@@ -464,6 +516,9 @@ int drm_atomic_crtc_set_property(struct
drm_crtc *crtc,
         else if (property == config->prop_mode_id) {
             struct drm_property_blob *mode =
                 drm_property_lookup_blob(dev, val);
+ drm_atomic_allow_aspect_ratio_for_umode(state,
+                    (struct drm_mode_modeinfo *)
+                    mode->data);
             ret = drm_atomic_set_mode_prop_for_crtc(state, mode);
             return ret;
diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_crtc.c
index f0556e6..a2d34fa 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_crtc.c
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_crtc.c
@@ -425,6 +425,13 @@ int drm_mode_getcrtc(struct drm_device *dev,
         drm_modeset_lock(&crtc->mutex, NULL);
         if (crtc->state) {
             if (crtc->state->enable) {
+            /*
+             * If the aspect-ratio is not required by the,
+             * userspace, do not set the aspect-ratio flags.
+             */
+            if (!file_priv->aspect_ratio_allowed)
+ crtc->state->mode.picture_aspect_ratio =
+                    HDMI_PICTURE_ASPECT_NONE;
These would still clobber the current crtc state. So definitely
want to do this.
Alright, so alternative way of doing this will be:
Avoid changing the crtc->state->mode.picture_aspect_ratio i.e kernel
mode structure,
but set the aspect ratio flags in the usermode to none, after
calling the

Will take care of this in the next patchset.
I gave a thought about it again. As you have mentioned earlier that
get_crtc is one of the
place where the user mode aspect ratio flags must be filtered out, is
this what you have
in mind. I hope I did not misunderstand.

Changing the usermode aspect ratio flag bits, without change in the
kernel mode will not result in both structures out of sync?
I don't think that should really matter. I suppose we might get one
extra modeset when the user feeds that mode back via setcrtc/atomic, but
meh. And actually the aspect ratio should only affect the infoframe, so
we should be able to eventually eliminate that extra modeset and just
update the infoframe instead.

drm_mode_convert_to_umode(&crtc_resp->mode, &crtc->state->mode);
                 crtc_resp->mode_valid = 1;
     @@ -435,6 +442,13 @@ int drm_mode_getcrtc(struct drm_device
             crtc_resp->x = crtc->x;
             crtc_resp->y = crtc->y;
             if (crtc->enabled) {
+            /*
+             * If the aspect-ratio is not required by the,
+             * userspace, do not set the aspect-ratio flags.
+             */
+            if (!file_priv->aspect_ratio_allowed)
+                crtc->mode.picture_aspect_ratio =
+                    HDMI_PICTURE_ASPECT_NONE;
drm_mode_convert_to_umode(&crtc_resp->mode, &crtc->mode);
                 crtc_resp->mode_valid = 1;
     @@ -610,6 +624,11 @@ int drm_mode_setcrtc(struct drm_device
*dev, void *data,
                 goto out;
     +        /* If the user does not ask for aspect ratio, reset
the aspect
+         * ratio bits in the usermode.
+         */
+        if (!file_priv->aspect_ratio_allowed)
+            crtc_req->mode.flags &= (~DRM_MODE_FLAG_PIC_AR_MASK);
             ret = drm_mode_convert_umode(mode, &crtc_req->mode);
             if (ret) {
                 DRM_DEBUG_KMS("Invalid mode\n");
diff --git a/include/drm/drm_atomic.h b/include/drm/drm_atomic.h
index 1c27526..130dad9 100644
--- a/include/drm/drm_atomic.h
+++ b/include/drm/drm_atomic.h
@@ -237,6 +237,7 @@ struct __drm_private_objs_state {
      * @ref: count of all references to this state (will not be
freed until zero)
      * @dev: parent DRM device
      * @allow_modeset: allow full modeset
+ * @allow_aspect_ratio: allow the aspect ratio info to be
passes to user
      * @legacy_cursor_update: hint to enforce legacy cursor
IOCTL semantics
      * @async_update: hint for asynchronous plane update
      * @planes: pointer to array of structures with per-plane data
@@ -256,6 +257,7 @@ struct drm_atomic_state {
             struct drm_device *dev;
         bool allow_modeset : 1;
+    bool allow_aspect_ratio : 1;
         bool legacy_cursor_update : 1;
         bool async_update : 1;
         struct __drm_planes_state *planes;

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