>From: "Joel Dobrzelewski"

>Hmm... I think I see the problem now.  But I don't understand your proposed
>Do you want to 1) make predictions about the future based on past
>observations, or 2) make predictions about the future based on all possible
>histories, or 3) something else entirely.
>In the first case (1), I think I can see how this might be possible.
>For example, if every 9 out of 10 times you drink the coffee after making
>it, then you should be able to reasonably conclude that the next time you
>make coffee, you will most likely drink it.
>Similarly, if 99 out of 100 times an electron is deflected away from the
>nucleus of an atom, then we can be reasonably sure that the next time we
>fire one into the nucleus, it will be deflected.
>This seems to work in our current simulation because for the most part, our
>world appears to be mostly "predictable".  But it will start to fail in
>worlds where there is little regularity.  (e.g. making coffee and drinking
>coffee almost never happen)
>But in the second case (2) I can't see how we can make any meaningful
>predictions since the number of all possible histories is infinite.

That's part of the problem. What do you mean by "*our* current simulation?" 
Within the Plenitude there are an infinite number of simulations that 
resemble "this" one up to some moment and then suddenly change the laws in 
crazy ways...if you agreed with the earlier thought-experiment about 
duplication, in which there's some chance your "next moment" will be that of 
any number of different duplicates, then how can you be sure your own next 
moment will be one in a physics-conserving simulation? All those other 
simulated Joels living in simulations that are regular up to a given moment 
but then suddenly transform into whiterabbitland thought the same thing. 
What basis do you have for thinking you're not one of "them?" Without some 
kind of objective measure on the set of all possibilities (or at least all 
possible 'next moments') we have no sound basis for predicting anything at 
all. Don't drink that coffee--it might have suddenly turned into 
hydrochloric acid! Or maybe you'll suddenly find the taste of coffee 
absolutely revolting, or maybe drinking the coffee will cause you to 
transform into a stegosaurus...anything's possible, really.

Check out this thread I started on the "measure problem" a while ago, which 
got some interesting responses:

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