You guys should get a copy of my new self-published book. It is entitled "A Single Particle Universe, The Simplest Yet Theory of Everything". According to my theory, the single particle is a mass-less point particle with a charge of +e or -e. The particles, I call tronnies, attract their opposites and repel their own kind with Coulomb-like forces that expand out at the speed of light. The particles also repel themselves so their speed can never be less than the speed of light. This is possible because they have no mass.
Photons are comprised of a plus tronnie and a minus tronnie (net zero charge) circling in a circle with a diameter equal to half the photon wavelength). In the photon frame of reference each tronnie travels around the circumference of the circle at 1.57 times c. It's force field traveling at c from the opposite side of the circle provides a repelling force that maintains the diameter of the photon. The two tronnies circle because they are attracted to each other. Each of the circling tronnies also push itself in the photon direction at the speed of light.
An electron (negatron) is comprised of two minus tronnies and a plus tronnie (net -e charge) and a positron is comprised of two plus tronnies and a minus tronnie (net +e charge). Neutrinos are very high frequency photons (net zero charge and a very very small diameter corresponding to its high frequency). Electrons and positrons can and do capture neutrinos greatly (by up to several hundred times) increasing their mass/energy. High mass/energy electrons and positrons combine to form protons. So a proton is comprised of at least one electron, two positrons and the three captured neutrinos that add up to 15 tronnies, (8 plus and 7 minus so the charge is +e and the mass is 1,800 times the electron mass). The proton can also capture photons but with longer wavelengths (for example, gamma rays). A neutron is a proton combined with a high energy electron.
Neutrinos are the carriers of gravity. Coulomb force fields expand out behind the neutrinos in the direction of the source of the neutrinos. The neutrino rides in front of these expanding force fields like a boat riding in front of its wake. These force fields expanding behind the neutrinos push charged particles in matter through which they are passing toward the neutrino source. This is gravity. Neutrinos from the sun passing through the earth (100 million per square cm per second) push the earth toward the sun. Neutrinos trapped in the earth and later released in random directions provide the earth's gravity. Neutrinos from a black hole in the center of our galaxy hold our galaxy together. The Universe is expanding because neutrinos are captured by hydrogen in intergalactic space but much longer wavelength photons are not. These much longer wavelength photons are pushing galaxies apart at the present time. Later on when more of the hydrogen in intergalactic space has been sucked into black holes the neutrinos will become more effective relative to the longer wavelength photons and will begin compressing the Universe ultimately into a single black hole that will shrink to the size of a basketball as molecules, atoms and photons are broken down to the basic + and - tronnies. Then this black will experience the next Big Bang initiating the next universe. The initial expansion can be several billion light years in a fraction of a second since there is no limit to how fast tronnies can travel if they are not tied to an opposite tronnie in a photon or an electron.
So ours in only one Universe in a long string of a series of universes. If you are interested you can buy my book at:
Earth Song Bookstore
1440 Camino Del Mar
Del Mar, CA 92014
e-mail: [EMAIL PROTECTED]