On Mon, 23 May 2005, Hal Finney wrote:
I'd like to take advantage of having a bona fide physicist on the list to
ask a question about decoherence and its implications for the MWI.
If this is true, then how can a physicist not accept the MWI?
Isn't that just a matter of taking this decoherence phenomenon to a
(much) larger degree? Either you have to believe that at some point
decoherence stops following the rules of QM, or you have to believe that
the mathematics describes physical reality. And the mathematical
equations predict the theoretical existence of the parallel yet
The physicists who I really respect, but who do not support MWI, do indeed
believe (or hope) that the rules of QM break down at some point. E.g.
Roger Penrose, or Tony Leggett. They would point out that to date every
theory we have has only been an approximation. Penrose would point out
additionally that QM is inconsistent with GR, and there is no reason to
suppose that only GR has to be modified. I support these people to the
extent that I think it is tremendously important to keep doing
experiments, especially ones that can test well-formulated alternatives to
QM. I'm just not very hopeful that any discrepancy will show up.
Of course, given that they are in practice unobservable, a degree of
agnosticism is perhaps justifiable for the working physicist. He doesn't
have to trouble himself with such difficult questions, in practice.
But still, if he believes the theory, and he applies it in his day to
day work, shouldn't he believe the implications of the theory?
For most physicists the Copenhagen interpretation (in some half-understood
way) works perfectly well at the lab bench.
There are also those who have thought very carefully about the issue and
have come to a hyper-sophisticated philosophical position which allows
them to fudge. I'm thinking particularly of the consistent-histories gang,
including Murray Gell-Mann. I particularly liked Roland Omnes' version of
this: "quantum mechanics can account for everything except actual facts".
He thinks this is a *good* thing!
To me, it almost requires believing a contradiction to expect that
decoherence experiments will follow the predictions of QM, without also
expecting that the more extreme versions of those predictions will be
true as well, which would imply the reality of the MWI. You either have
to believe that a sufficiently accurate decoherence experiment would
find a violation of QM, or you have to believe in the MWI.
PS: this is an endorsement of the MWI of QM, not of any "everything"