My April 18, 2005 version of my Theory of Everything has recently been
published as a patent application.  You can view it at the United States
Patent Office web site by going to .  Click "search" then
click "Published Number Search" under Published Applications.  Then type
in my Patent Application Number: "20050182607".  I have reproduced below
the "Summary of the Invention" section of my patent application.  This
theory as you will see is a work in progress that I have been working on
for 5 years and am still refining.  I also have a newer version, not yet
published correcting some of my mistakes in the April 18, 2005 version.
I would appreciate any comments, suggestions or corrections.   


Ross Model of the Universe 

[0008] I have proposed what I believe is the simplest yet model of the
universe. I call my model the "The Ross Model of the Universe".
Processes described and claimed herein can be used to describe and
explain all elements of the universe including photons, electrons,
protons, neutrons, atomic nuclei, heat, temperature, magnetism and
gravity. A preferred embodiment of the invention is a model described

Tronnies, Entrons and Photons 

[0009] According to this model, the entire universe and everything in
it, from photons to electrons to protons to galaxies, is comprised of
nothing but a single type of elementary charged point particle. I call
these point particles "tronnies". These tronnies also carry the Coulomb
force that is the only force in the universe. A tronnie has no mass and
no volume but it has a charge equal to plus e or minus e. Also,
according to this model the only forces in the universe are Coulomb
forces produced by these tronnies. Each tronnie is repelled by the force
fields of tronnies with like charges and attracted by the force fields
of tronnies with opposite charges. Tronnies repel themselves so they
never travel more slowly than the speed of light. Tronnies tend to pair
up with a plus tronnie and a minus tronnie in relatively stable
configurations that I call "entrons". An entron is a new addition to the
Ross Model. It is comprised of one plus tronnie and one minus tronnie
with each tronnie of the entron traveling in circles faster than the
speed of light (typically .pi.c/2, in the entron's reference frame). An
entron is the basic energy quantum in the universe. Entrons may be
integral parts of particles such as protons, atoms, molecules and
high-energy electrons. Entrons trapped in matter represent the matter's
heat energy. Entrons released from matter continue to circle with the
same frequency as when it was trapped; however it also speeds off at the
speed of light. It cannot however travel in a straight line. To do so
while circling at 1.57c would require it to go slower than the speed of
light during part of each cycle. As a consequence it travels in circles
with diameters 160 time larger than its own circle and this double
circling configuration does travel in a straight line at the speed of
light. It is a photon. The circling tronnies provide the energy of the
photon, hc/.lambda., where h is Planck's constant and .lambda. is the
photon's wavelength which is related to the entron's diameter, d', by
.lambda.=320d'. In my preferred photon model each photon is comprised of
one entron that orbits in a circle of diameter .lambda./2 at 1.57c in
the photon's reference frame, with the photon (and its reference frame)
traveling forward at a speed of c. The result is that the entron
oscillates with a frequency of 160 times the frequency of the photon
that the entron inhabits. 

Neutrinos and Gravity 

[0010] Neutrinos are very high-energy photons. Each neutrino comprises a
high-energy, high frequency entron. Neutrinos, like other photons,
travel in substantially straight lines at the speed of light with its
entron circling within the photon in circles having a diameter of
.lambda./2 where .lambda. is the neutrino's wavelength. Most neutrinos
illuminating the earth pass right through it. Neutrinos can pass right
through the nuclei of atoms and even protons. Gravity results from the
Coulomb force fields emanating from neutrinos as the neutrinos pass at
the speed of light through matter. These Coulomb force fields travel
rearward and sideways along the trail of neutrinos. The sideways
components cancel, but the rearward components add pushing the matter
through which they are passing back toward the source of the neutrinos.
Thus, neutrinos from the sun passing through the earth (about
100,000,000 per square centimeter per second) provide the "gravity"
holding the earth in its orbit around the sun. Neutrinos from the black
hole in the center of the Milky Way hold all the stars of the Milky Way
(including our sun) and us in our positions in our galaxy. Neutrinos
captured in the earth and later released provide the earth its gravity. 


[0011] Three entrons (together comprised of a total of three plus
tronnies and three minus tronnies), one of the entrons being a part of a
high-energy photon and having a diameter smaller than
3.2.times.10.sup.-15 m, combine in pair production to produce a pair of
electrons (a negatron and a positron). The negatron is comprised of a
plus tronnie orbiting in a tight circle of radius r at a speed of 1.57
times the speed of light with two minus tronies orbiting around the
circular path of the plus tronnie, also at radius r, one-fourth period
behind the plus tronnie. The positron is comprised of a minus tronnie
and two plus tronnies with their positions reversed from that of the
negatron. Although tronnies have no mass and as such provide no
resistance to any applied force, when a tronnie combines with two other
tronnies to form an electron, the resulting dynamic combination does
provide a resistance to applied forces. This is the creation of "mass"
which is substantially stationary "energy". A plus or minus electrons
can capture the entron portion of a photon with the entron circling
behind the electron forming an equilateral cone. The entron propels the
electron at speeds of about one percent of the speed of light. These
captured entrons provide the electrons with its "voltage". Electrons
(plus and minus) can capture the entron portions of neutrinos, greatly
increasing the electron's mass/energy. 

Protons, Neutrons and Atoms 

[0012] Three very high-energy electrons (one negatron and two positrons,
each having captured the entron part of a neutrino to increase their
mass several hundred times) combine to form each proton (with mass 1800
times the rest mass of an electron). A neutron is a proton with an extra
negatron with a captured entron propelling it at about one percent of
the speed of light. This entron has an energy of 0.74 mev (equivalent to
a mass of 0.0023055.times.10.sup.-27 kg the mass difference between a
neutron and a proton and an electron). The corresponding diameter of the
entron is 5.25.times.10.sup.-15 m. In my preferred model of the neutron
the two tronnies circling behind the negatron driving the negatron at
speeds of about one percent of the speed of light, also pass through the
center of the proton part of the neutron. Inside the nucleus of an atom,
such the deuterium nucleus the two tronnies of the entron pass through
both protons in the nucleus, holding them together. (The reader should
note here, no strong force is needed, just an electron and its captured
entron.) So the nucleus of an atom is (according to my preferred model)
nothing more than a combination of protons and negatrons (along with a
variety of entrons) all in dynamic equilibrium. Some specific
configurations are proposed. There is no "strong" force holding the
nuclei together. Coulomb forces hold them together. The Coulomb force is
the only force in the universe. 

Heat, Temperature and Magnetism 

[0013] Heat is nothing more than entrons (circling tronnie pairs)
trapped in matter. Temperature is a measure of that heat. When entrons
escape matter they do so as photons. Magnetism results when plus and
minus tronnies travel in large loops (such as through the earth to
produce its magnetic field or out one pole and in the other pole or
through a bar magnet or through the center of a current carrying coil of

Light Speed 

[0014] Photons in a light beam slow down when passing through a
Coulombic reference frame (such as a laboratory where light speed is
being made) moving opposite the beam. And they speed up when the
reference frame is moving in the same direction of the beam. Based on
this preferred model, time does not slow down when you go fast and
things do not get shorter. Simultaneous events are simultaneous in all
reference frames. Time is absolute. When an astronaut returns to earth
he and his twin brother can have their next birthday party together at
the same time. 

Ross Model Consistent with Other Experimental Results 

[0015] These are merely examples. This basic model proposed here appears
to be consistent with all experimental results relating to particle
physics, chemistry, optics, fusion and fission that I have considered.
This preferred model can be used to explain radio waves, electric
current flow, the thermoelectric effects, and the beginning and end of
the universe. 

Evolving Model 

[0016] I admit that some of my explanations are speculative and I am
sure that people more familiar with particular technologies than I can
improve on my explanations. When they do I will just modify my model to
accommodate the better explanations. As is clearly obvious from a review
of the parent patent applications preceding this one, I have already
modified my model numerous times since I began developing it about four
years ago. The model has gotten simpler with each modification. The
primary difference between the model described in this application and
the models of the parent applications listed above is the "entron". The
energy of the entron corresponds to the net Coulomb integrated forces
acting between the entron's circling tronnies and this energy
corresponds to the known photon energy hc/?. The entron also provides
electrons with their electric energy (their voltage) which they easily
give up as heat in a resister or as photons in a radio transmitterer. 

Einstein's Two Major Goofs 

[0017] The other important discovery disclosed in this application is
that the vacuum speed of light is not constant, but slows down or speeds
up, when passing through a Coulombic reference frame, by an amount equal
to the speed of the reference frame. For example if a Coulombic
reference frame is moving at a speed of 0.1 c in a direction opposite
the direction of a light beam, the light beam will slow down to 0.9 c.
If the reference frame is moving at a speed of 0.2 c in the same
direction of a light beam passing through it, the light beam will speed
up to a speed of 1.2 c. So that someone measuring the speed of light
with equipment moving with the reference frame will measure the speed of
light as the difference between the (1) the speed of the frame and (2)
the speed of light. In both cases the measured speed of light will be
constant at c. Einstein's first major goof was to assume that the speed
of light was constant based on the results of the Michelson--Morley
experiments that showed that the "measured" speed of light is always
constant. This discovery makes some of the most complicated features of
the Special Theory of Relativity unnecessary. Einstein's second major
goof was not to recognize that matter-penetrating photons (neutrinos)
are responsible for gravity. My discovery that neutrinos "carry" gravity
makes most of the complicated features of General Relativity unnecessary
if not wrong. Certainly, masses do not curve space. Space is merely the
emptiness between things--you can't curve it. Space is also infinite in
all three dimensions and there are only three dimensions: up and down,
left and right and forward and backwards. Time is not a forth dimension
time is a measurable period between events. Time is absolute and is not
affected in the least bit by how fast one is moving. 

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