A few quotes below to dualism from Max Velmans.
In Chapter 2, Conscious Souls, Brains and Quantum Mechanics there is a
nice section Quantum Dualist Interactionism (p. 17 – 21) where Max
Velmans describes works that present interpretation of dualism in the
framework of quantum mechanics.
Stapp, H. (2007a) ‘Quantum mechanical theories of consciousness’ in The
Blackwell Companion to Consciousness, pp. 300-312.
Stapp, H. (2007b) ‘Quantum approaches to consciousness’ in The Cambridge
Handbook of Consciousness, pp. 881-908.
Stapp, H. (2007c) Mindful Universe: Quantum Mechanics and the
Interestingly enough Stapp refers to the work of von Neumann:
Von Neumann, J. (1955/1932) Mathematical Foundations of Quantum
Mechanics/Mathematische Grundlagen der Quantummechanik.
p. 19. “In various interpretations of quantum mechanics there is in any
case ambiguity, and associated controversy, about where in the
observation process a choice about what to observe and a subsequent
observation is made. For example, according to the ‘Gopenhagen
Convention’, the original formation of quantum theory developed by Niels
Bohr, there is a clear separation between the process taking place in
the observer (Process 1) and the process taking place in the system that
is being observed (Process 2).”
p. 21. “To differentiate the conscious part of Process 1 (the ‘conscious
ego’) from the physically embodied part, Stapp (2007c) refers to it as
‘Process 0′. Stapp believes that such quantum dualist interactionism
neatly sidesteps the classical problems of mind-body (or
consciousness-brain) interaction (see Stapp, 2007a, p. 305). According
to the von Neumann/Stapp theory, consciousness (Process 0) chooses what
question to ask; through the meditation of Process 1 that interacts with
Process 2 (the developing possibilities specified by the quantum
mechanics of the physical system under interrogation, including the
brain) – and Nature supplies an answer, which in turn reflected in
conscious experience (making the entire process a form of
p. 21. “A central claim of the von Neumann/Stapp theory, for example, is
that it is the observer’s conscious free will (von Neumann’s ‘abstract
ego’ or Stapp’s ‘Process 0′) that chooses how to probe nature.”
You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups
"Everything List" group.
To post to this group, send email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
To unsubscribe from this group, send email to
For more options, visit this group at