`After browsing Leibnitz' Monadology (Roger, thanks for the link), I have`

`checked what else is available on marxists.org. It happens that marxists`

`have quite a nice library available. I have even found an interesting`

`paper of Gödel. There he claims that Husserl will help us to find out`

`what mathematics is.`

Evgenii

## Advertising

Kurt Gödel (1961)

`The modern development of the foundations of mathematics in the light of`

`philosophy`

http://www.marxists.org/reference/subject/philosophy/works/at/godel.htm

`"In what manner, however, is it possible to extend our knowledge of`

`these abstract concepts, i.e., to make these concepts themselves precise`

`and to gain comprehensive and secure insight into the fundamental`

`relations that subsist among them, i.e., into the axioms that hold for`

`them? Obviously not, or in any case not exclusively, by trying to give`

`explicit definitions for concepts and proofs for axioms, since for that`

`one obviously needs other undefinable abstract concepts and axioms`

`holding for them. Otherwise one would have nothing from which one could`

`define or prove. The procedure must thus consist, at least to a large`

`extent, in a clarification of meaning that does not consist in giving`

`definitions."`

`"Now in fact, there exists today the beginning of a science which claims`

`to possess a systematic method for such a clarification of meaning, and`

`that is the phenomenology founded by Husserl. Here clarification of`

`meaning consists in focusing more sharply on the concepts concerned by`

`directing our attention in a certain way, namely, onto our own acts in`

`the use of these concepts, onto our powers in carrying out our acts,`

`etc. But one must keep clearly in mind that this phenomenology is not a`

`science in the same sense as the other sciences. Rather it is or in any`

`case should be a procedure or technique that should produce in us a new`

`state of consciousness in which we describe in detail the basic concepts`

`we use in our thought, or grasp other basic concepts hitherto unknown to`

`us. I believe there is no reason at all to reject such a procedure at`

`the outset as hopeless. Empiricists, of course, have the least reason of`

`all to do so, for that would mean that their empiricism is, in truth, an`

`apriorism with its sign reversed."`

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