On 2/12/2013 2:40 PM, Telmo Menezes wrote:

    I don't know what sort of computer your typed you post on but by 1997 
standards it
    is almost certainly a supercomputer, probably the most powerful 
supercomputer in the
    world. I'll wager it would take you less than five minutes to find and 
download a
    free chess playing program on the internet that if run on the very machine 
    writing your posts on that would beat the hell out of you. It wouldn't 
surprise me
    at all if Watson had a sub sub sub routine that enabled it to play Chess at 
least as
    well as Depp Blue,

Maybe (although I believe you're underestimating the complexity of a good chess program). But can Watson, for example, introspect on the chess game and update his view of the world accordingly? Can he read a new text and figure out how to play better? I'm not saying that these things are impossible, just that they haven't been achieved yet.

    after all you never know when the subject of Jeopardy will turn out to be 
Chess. And
    if Watson didn't already have this capability it could be added at 
virtually no cost.

But could you ask Watson to go and learn by himself? Because you could ask that of a person. Or to go and learn to fish.

        > I have no doubt that Watson is quite competent, but I don't see any 
of its
        behavior as reflecting intelligence.

    If a person did half of what Watson did you would not hesitate for one 
second in
    calling him intelligent, but Watson is made of silicon not carbon so you 

Nor for another second in considering him/her profoundly autistic.

The main reason Watson and similar programs fail to have human like intelligence is that they lack human like values and motivations - and deliberately so because we don't want them to be making autonomous decisions based on their internal values. That's why I usually take something like an advanced Mars rover as an example of intelligence. Being largely autonomous a Mars rover must have a hierarchy of values that it acts on.


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