The roles of efficient causation and final causation in the double aspect
theory of mind
The double aspect theory of mind considers the brain and its actions according
to two aspects, the brain and the mind. There is no assignment of causation,
there is only correlation.
Leibniz's metaphysics, on the other hand, allows for two forms of causation.
All bodies have various degrees of each type and his "pre-established harmony"
guarantees that no conflicts result.
Efficient causation, which is deterministic and therefore not goal-oriented, is
characteristic of physical objects such as the brain. At the same time,
the state of the brain or nervous system can cause changes in the mind, such as
Final causation is characteristic of mind, which Leibniz stipulates to be
various degrees in all bodies, even physical bodies. However, it is present to
a higher degree
in living bodies, such as living brain, plant life, animals and man. What
"Spirit" what we commonly refer to as soul in human monads, which have
He calls Soul the controlling/perceiving feature of this entity present in
and plants, and "bare, naked soul" its
The physical body, being in spacetime, is what science, such as thermodynamics
and the Second Law,
deal with, causation is deterministic and the body is propelled by "efficient"
The mental or spiritual component of a monad is not physical and so is not
and not controls by its "perspections" and "appetites", the former being its
(where and how it is mentally or spiritually) and the latter its intentions,
desires, where it
intends to go next.
Where it intends to go next, since it is alive, is goal-oriented or purposeful
degrees, so that most human mental action, such as thinking, must be
to some extend.
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