Leibniz and this nonlocal, relativistic world Leibniz was centuries ahead of his time when he deduced by simple logic (in his Monadology) that the world is nonlocal (although he did not use that word). Science would be much further ahead of where it is today had it followed Leibniz instead of Descartes at that split in the road back in the 17th century. Instead, it adopted Newton's world of absolute time and space.
Like Kant a century later, Leibniz saw that space and time by themselves are not fundamental substances, but are simply intuitions. They do not exist separately as physical quantities. because they they are not extended in space. Physical objects are extended in space, but it makes no sense to say that space physically exists (is itself extended in spacetime), or that time exists by itself in spacetime. Space and time, like mind, or like consciousness, are real but are mental and so are outside of spacetime, which alone is the physical domain of existence. Later Einstein also came to see that space itself does not physically exist, it is simply the curved mathematical path that objects with mass create and must follow. Similarly, time is not a physical entity, it is a mathematical entity. Hence the relativity of space and time, space beling the relative distance between objects, not the absolute distance. Similarly, Leibniz understood time to be not physical, but the sequential order of events. Without going into much more detail at this point, Leibniz believed that at the same time, physical bodies do exist in spacetime (you can stub your toe), but, being in spacetime, exist in a less fundamental ssense than mind or consciousness, which, being outside of space, are everywhere at the same time. What are quanta, then? My personal view is that, being everywhere at the same time, not specifically at a particular (place, time) in spacetime, quanta are a subcategory or type of mind which can be defined mathematically as random fields of probable existence. On the other hand, monads are respresentations of physical objects which actually exist in spacetime (have probability of one). Perhaps we might define monads as quanta. or colonies of quanta, with a probable existence of 1. Nonlocality is sxpecifically represented in the perceptions of each monad. These are not what we usually consider as perceptions, but, because monads cannot interact directly, and thus have no windows, they are indirect perceptions (properties of existence, data states) given to each monad by the supreme monad as continual updates. In other words, monads cannot see each other. These perceptions are perceptions of all of the other monads in the universe imperfectly -- to various degrees of clarity and distortedness. The physical world itself is perceived by each monad in the usual way, through the senses of the homunculus in each monad. Dr. Roger Clough NIST (ret.) 3/22/2013 "Coincidences are God's way of remaining anonymous." - Albert Einstein -- You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Everything List" group. To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to everything-list+unsubscr...@googlegroups.com. To post to this group, send email to email@example.com. Visit this group at http://groups.google.com/group/everything-list?hl=en. For more options, visit https://groups.google.com/groups/opt_out.