Leibniz's quantization of spacetime.

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http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/leibniz-physics/ Leibniz, the Idealist 17th century german philosopher, saw the world in suprisingly modern, even premoderm. In the field of electericity, the name of Tesla comes to mind. Leibniz's conceptualHis quantization of spacetime is only now being implemented by quantum cosmlogists such as Smolin.. a) Spacetime, since it is infinitely divisible, does not qualify as a substance, since one can always furether divide space (what one considers to be a substance) in two. b) Thus space is only dimensional and intuitive but not physical. It is thus not absolute, as Newton saw it, but only a relative measure of distance between bodies, this distance not being physical but only mathematical. It is an empty receptacle, sotospeak, filled entirely with monads (complete, real, mental concepts of physical objects). (c) Although Einstein in fact discovered the quantized notion of photons, he did not apply this quantized thinking to his theory of relativity, in which the speed of time was taken as relative to the speed of light, an asolute value. (d) Time similarly was taken by Leibniz to be quantized, for God constantly views and adjusts the universe only in discrete steps, at a very rapid sampling rate to accord with the hanging indirectly perceived perceptions? of each monad. To use a homely example, it is s if the succession of the universe were written on a deck of cards. Then as in movies of the early twentieth century, the illusion of continuous motion is perceived by fanning the deck with one's thumb. (e) Leibniz believed, as did Einstein much later, that space was a raceway of possible paths, these paths curved according to the mass of the object. f) That being so, we can consider a particle with mass and its possible paths of travel, as a particle-spacetime quantum, even through the "particle" might be the earth. g) Due to the holographic nature of Leibniz's monadic particles, the universe is completely entangled and one cannot change a part without changing the entire universe. Thus, for example, every action creates a reaction. The spacetime field of every particle being possible rather than actual paths, the particle and its spacetime field is a quantum. Thus the universe consists of a possible universe, which is a quantum probability field. Roger B Clough NIST (ret.) [1/1/2000] See my Leibniz site at http://independent.academia.edu/RogerClough -- You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Everything List" group. To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to everything-list+unsubscr...@googlegroups.com. To post to this group, send email to everything-list@googlegroups.com. Visit this group at http://groups.google.com/group/everything-list. For more options, visit https://groups.google.com/groups/opt_out.