Kant's disproof of materialism and empiricism
Materialists argue that in essence we are no more than our bodies.
Empiricists such as Hume ruled out the possible influence of anything
in our perception of objects.
But that position was disproven by Kant, for example in his transcdendent
the role of the self in perception
in which cognitive science and philosophers such as Dennett and Chalmers
seems to have overlooked the critical importance of the transcendental.
As a result, Kant gave this argument against materialism and empiricism:
"Kant proposed a "Copernican Revolution-in-reverse", saying that:
Up to now it has been assumed that all our cognition must conform to the
objects [materialism and positivism] but ... let us once try whether we do not
get farther with the problems of
metaphysics by assuming that the objects must conform to our
Dr. Roger B Clough NIST (ret.) [1/1/2000]
See my Leibniz site at
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