Leibniz. What's the difference between existence and being ? According to the metaphysics of Leibniz, the universe has two often correlated aspects, existence and being, each usually the flip side of the other.
1. Existence. Physical objects exist in spacetime. This includes the elementary particles, batted baseballs, and such. These are dealt with using physics are quantitative, and thus are mathematical. This is the objective universe. 2. Being. Nonphysical subjects, which are not in spacetime, such as mind, intelligence, ideas, and life, have being. Leibniz calls these entities monads when they refer to physical objects, but ideas when they have no physical correlates. These are qualitative and non-mathematical, and together comprise the subjective universe. The infinite collection of monads is a complete description of the physical universe. Dr. Roger B Clough NIST (ret.) [1/1/2000] See my Leibniz site at http://independent.academia.edu/RogerClough -- You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Everything List" group. To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to everything-list+unsubscr...@googlegroups.com. To post to this group, send email to email@example.com. Visit this group at http://groups.google.com/group/everything-list. For more options, visit https://groups.google.com/groups/opt_out.