Leibniz. What's the difference between existence and being ?
According to the metaphysics of Leibniz, the universe has two often correlated
existence and being, each usually the flip side of the other.
1. Existence. Physical objects exist in spacetime. This includes the
elementary particles, batted baseballs, and such. These are dealt with using
are quantitative, and thus are mathematical. This is the objective universe.
2. Being. Nonphysical subjects, which are not in spacetime, such as mind,
ideas, and life, have being. Leibniz calls these entities monads when they
refer to physical objects,
but ideas when they have no physical correlates. These are qualitative and
and together comprise the subjective universe. The infinite collection of
a complete description of the physical universe.
Dr. Roger B Clough NIST (ret.) [1/1/2000]
See my Leibniz site at
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