Russell's abandonment of Leibniz's platonism after his conversion to the cult 
of  materialism.

Three related definitions of consciousness not possible in materialism or 
analytic philosophy:

1. Consciousness is experience by the first person singular.

2. Consciousness is self-referential awareness.

3. Consciousness is the acquisition of knowledge by acquaintance.

Ironically, the third definition is similar to one of the two forms
of knowledge originally proposed by Bertrand Russell, one
of the founders of analytic philosophy, which he called
"knowledge by acquaintance" the other being
"knowledge by description". Knowledge by description
is that you know from common knowledge that Obama is
president of the United States, while knowledge by
acquaintance means that you have met Obama,
presumably in the White House.

Analytic philosophy deals only with knowledge by description,
omitting knowledge by acquaintance, despite Russell's 
awareness of this type knowledge, so that Russell's
omission of knowledge by acquaintance in the philosophy
of materialism-- a necessity-- was a deliberate omission 
from analytic philosophy, no doubt due to Russell's 
conversion to the semi-religious cult of materialism.

This seems to have occurred during the young Russell's writing of
"The Philosophy of Leibniz", which expertly treats Leibniz's logic,
but begins to pull back as he approaches Leibniz's Platonism.
which Russell does not seem to have understood very much,
much less accepted.

Russell then publicly promoted materialism and analytic philosophy,
together with the third member of their dark trinity, atheism.  
The rest is history, as they say, in which this trinity became
de rigeour in the halls of "official" western academe.

Meanwhile because of this dark trinity, western philosophy has 
struggled but failed to explain consciousness.

Dr. Roger B Clough NIST (ret.) [1/1/2000]
See my Leibniz site at

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