Some basic principles of Leibniz's Idealism
1. Everything that exists has two aspects, essence (mind or monad) and existent
This is a localized version of Berkeley's overall Idealism. Essence, being
mental, is outside of spacetime
while the existent (a corporeal body) is inside of spacetime.
2. Essence is the subjective or mental aspect of existence, which in turn is
objective and physical (in spacetime).
For example. consciousness or experience is the mental aspect of physical
sensory nerve signals.
3. Essence creates, perceives and controls existence.
For example, essence is what causes a struck ball to follow Newton's law of
For example, tje mind controls the brain.
Dr. Roger B Clough NIST (ret.) [1/1/2000]
See my Leibniz site at
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