Or as a quote from a person named Butterfield I read earlier today is paraphrased as "Mathematics is the syntax of the world, while physics is the semantics of it." There is an open question on Lob's theorem, where this has a modal construction called semantic soundness. In the case of state reduction or why we observe certain outcomes we might just be faced with this as a hard emergence that has no causal or prior reason for being. There is no derived reason for it, but it just is. LC -- You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Everything List" group. To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to everything-list+unsubscr...@googlegroups.com. To post to this group, send email to firstname.lastname@example.org. Visit this group at https://groups.google.com/group/everything-list. For more options, visit https://groups.google.com/d/optout.