(I'don't know what this test is.) Some accept the possibility that there can be something that is immaterial. In philosophy, *antimaterialism* can mean one of several metaphysical or religious beliefs that are specifically opposed to materialism <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Materialism>, the notion that *only matter exists*. These beliefs include: - • Immaterialism <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Immaterialism>, a philosophy branching from George Berkeley of which his idealism is a type - • <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Immaterialism>Dualism (philosophy of mind) <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dualism_(philosophy_of_mind)>, a philosophy which includes the claim that mental phenomena are, in some respects, non-physical - • <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Immaterialism>Gnosticism <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gnosticism>, a general class of religious movements which hold that human beings have divine souls trapped in a material world - • <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Immaterialism>Idealism <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Idealism>, which holds that the ultimate nature of reality is based on mind or ideas - • <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Immaterialism>Maya (illusion) <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maya_(illusion)>, a concept in various Indian religions regarding the dualism of the Universe - • <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Immaterialism>Platonic realism <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Platonic_realism>, which holds that certain universals have a *real* existence, in the sense of philosophical realism - • <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Immaterialism>Supernaturalism <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supernaturalism> - • <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Immaterialism>Transcendentalism <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transcendentalism>, a group of ideas involving an ideal spiritual state that 'transcends' the physical and empirical realms [ from Wikipedia ] Algorithms, for those that do not admit the possibility of immaterial entities, must be material. > > > > > > They are arrangements of glyphs of ink on paper (like in a book), or are > electronic dots on a screen (like you are looking at right now) or are > magnetic polarities stored on a hard drive, etc. > > > This confuses a bit the truth of “2+2=4” and “”2+2=4””. > > > > The only truth of the matter for 2+2=4 is that one types 2,+,2,= into a calculator and 4 is shown. > > That matter "has" recipes (or algorithms) is the dialectics of Codicalism. > > > > Matter can implement algorithm, with mechanism that is a (non obvious) > theorem. But that does not make matter primary. It belongs to the sharable > dreams of the universal machine. > > Bruno > > - pt -- You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Everything List" group. To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to everything-list+unsubscr...@googlegroups.com. To post to this group, send email to firstname.lastname@example.org. Visit this group at https://groups.google.com/group/everything-list. For more options, visit https://groups.google.com/d/optout.