/The state of Samadhi is said to be a fourth kind of consciousness: beyond the states of waking, dreaming and dreamless sleep. Those who have experienced it report that it was like falling into a kind of trance-induction state. According to what I've read, Samadhi has two stages:/

 * Samprajana samadhi - enstasis where there is still object-consciousness.
 * Nirvikalpasamadhi - where  there  is  no longer any

The Purport:

The purpose of yoga is to stabilize bodily functions and then transcend to total isolation of mental fluctuations, where the Self is not hidden by external conditions of the body or the mind (citta). The point to be noted about yoga is that its goal is the state where the Self remains solely in and as itself, without being hidden by external conditioning factors imposed by the mind (citta), according to Comans.

In his sub-commentary on Vyasa's Vivarana on Yoga Sutras, Shankara states that "...the three means [of yoga] can by themselves remove the taints and bring about samadhi."/
The Comments:/
//All the Indian Acharyas, except Charvaka, agree that the Ultimate Reality is transcendental to the relative world of maya - appearance. The Acharyas Shakya the Muni, Veda Vyasa, Badarayana, Patanjali, Shankara, Ramanuja, Madhva, Nimbarka, and Vallabhacharya all agree with this. According to Swami Bhaktivedanta Saraswati, there is a spiritual sky or field that is transcendental to////the mundane world of name and form. Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu also agrees with this. //
//Shankara advocated the three means of yoga: tapas, self-study, and action, in order to overcome Avidya, Ignorance. Tapas is the ability of the mind to remain in mental equipoise under stress. Self-study is meditation and reflecting and contemplating the truths of the Upanishads, namely the Mandukya Upanishad and Gaudapada's Karika thereon, and the four// //great dicta. Devotion to Ishvara is meditation on one's disksha-bija mantra, which alone will provide the occasion for Self reflection - unity consciousness.//

Mediation simply provides the ideal opportunity for the transcending.//
Works Cited:

'The question of the importance of Samadhi in modern and classical Advaita Vedanta'
by Michael Comans

Leggett, Trevor. _Sankara on the Yoga Sutras_ Vo. 2 Means. The Vivarana sub-commentary to Vyasa-bhasya on the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Sadhana-pada. London, 1983, Routledge & Kegan Paul.

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