Dear FIS Colleagues, The main result of our paper “Data versus Information” is the understanding that the data and information are different (external and internal kinds of reflection for subjective consciousness), i.e. "Information = data + something in and by consciousness"
After publishing the paper, Arturo wrote an important remark and I promise to answer in this letter. In private conversation we had discussed some aspects. The conversation was interesting but it is not available for the FIS-list and I have no permission to publish it. Because of this I will use abstract form of questions (Q) and answers (A). Dear Arturo, I apologize in advance but I hope there is nothing bad in this and it will be useful. The remark of Arturo was: I'm just annoyed that the most represented position among FISers, i.e., that information is an objective, quantitative, physical measure linked to informational entropy, has not been taken into account at all. After all our efforts to maintain our firm position, we have been censored. (A): Usually we say “we collect information” measuring different real features – temperature, distance, weigh, etc. Scientists from physics do this permanently. The methodical error here is that really we collect data. After processing the data in the consciousness, the information may be created in it. Reflections (data) exist everywhere, but information exists only in consciousness. It is important that information in the consciousness of one subject is external for another, i.e. it is data for him/her. Yes, I know that many people believe in the opposite, but still there are no scientific basics this believing to become scientific theory. I am mathematician who had worked in the institute of mathematics more than 40 years and, in particular, I have taught probability and statistics. I absolutely clearly know (and every good mathematician knows!) that the probabilities are a human model and do not exist in the reality. Because of this, all definitions of information based on probability are the same what we had published in the paper. This kind of information exits only in the concrete human consciousness! The rest is data; sometimes called: "statistical data". (Q): Statistics is so important, that we can quantify the standpoint of our reality, i.e., quantum mechanics, just through statistical tools. If you negate statistics in the study of reality, you fully destroy the medicine, the scientific method and the prospective and retrospective studies. It is totally absurd to negate the importance of statistics. I'm sorry, but yours is just a metaphysical approach to scientific problems. (A): Yes, I agree that the statistics is very important and useful. But we discuss "what is the information?" and not "is the statistics important or not?". Only what I say is that the statistics is pure humans' activity. By processing statistical data we may predict many events. But this not excludes humans'. Computer prosthesis of our brains does not change the situation. Animals do not process statistical data and do not compute probabilities but very well process data which they receive via their receptors. In the same time, humans may build statistical models of animals' activities. Let remember that the mathematics at all ignore the subjects in the mathematical theories but this does not means that the subjects do not exists. One and the same formula may be computed by one student who knows how to do this and could not be computed by other who does not know this. (Q): "Animals do not process statistical data and do not compute probabilities "... Do not forget that one of the most successful current brain theory, i.e., Karl Friston's free energy principle talk of Bayesian priors endowed in our brain... (A): NIce! But brains had worked this way many, many years before Bayes had invented his theories and Karl Friston had invented the free energy principle. We may build many different models of the brain and all in some aspects will be adequate to what we may measure in and from the brain. This in one hand! In other hand, this again confirms that all information processes are provided just in the brain but not in the stones and in the water somewhere outside of the brain. So, we have the same: "Information = data + something in and by consciousness" (Q): Mmmm... the problem is exactly your "something"... it smells of untestable, therefore useless and metaphysical. Gimme just one testable prevision of your model! (A): For the first step, please imagine that you enter in your room. What do you expect to see - table, chairs, maybe any friend, etc. Now, what if you passing the door will see the sea - dark blue water with very big waves? Your "something in consciousness" will alarm "stop, this is not your way"! Your brain will compare the "something in consciousness" with incoming reflection (data) and as far is the new data to it so unexpected it is. *** End of conversation *** The important keyword in this conversation is the concept “model”. Models are created by or reflected in the consciousness. Because of this, my simple question is: What is the “mental model”? Friendly greetings Krassimir From: tozziart...@libero.it Sent: Monday, February 19, 2018 12:42 PM To: firstname.lastname@example.org ; Krassimir Markov Subject: Re: [Fis] The polite and high scientific style of the posts to be published in an International Journal are OBLIGATED! Dear Krassimir, There is a misundertanding. I'm not discussing the quality of the Journal, nor the absence of my name. I'm just annoyed that the most represented position among FISers, i.e., that information is an objective, quantitative, physical measure linked to informational entropy, has not been taken into account at all. After all our efforts to mantain our firm position, we have been censored. Il 18 febbraio 2018 alle 23.15 Krassimir Markov <mar...@foibg.com> ha scritto: Dear Arturo, 1. You are not correct and not right! If it is written as you have seen, it is just as it is! Three times we kindly asked for permission but no answer. It is possible that my letters were rejected automatically as spam. What to do? Only what we could to do was to cite posts and to give links. In addition, it is impossible to include long posts in a short paper. Because of this, they have to be shortened by author (preferred) or by the editor. 2. The main result from our work on the paper is clearly summarized in my final words in the paper. No problems, if you could not read them. My next post next week will remember it. 3. Finally, the paper in not stenographic protocol. Not every post is connected to the given theme and it is clear that it could not be taken in a short paper. The theme of discussion for the paper usually is pointed in my “simple questions”. If your posts will concern the discussed theme, please clearly point this. 4. In the next discussion which will start soon, everybody is kindly invited to take part and to be included in the future paper. The polite and high scientific style of the posts to be published in an International Journal are OBLIGATED! Friendly greetings Krassimir From: tozziart...@libero.it Sent: Sunday, February 18, 2018 10:58 PM To: Krassimir Markov ; email@example.com Subject: Re: [Fis] The FIS paper "Data versus Information " is published Dear, prominent Authors, You write in this paper: " Several posts are not included in the text below due to lack of permission from their authors". I think that several post were not included in the text just because they were too critical against the loose, flabby concepts of information provided in this paper. Some contributions are very interesting, but others deserve the despising label of pseudoscience. On the other side, If you provide ELEVEN (more or less, I cannot be sure, I counted it, but I lost my attention after the Greeek Gods...) different definitions of information, how do you hope to be trusted? Forgive me to be honest, but FIS means also harsh discussion! Il 18 febbraio 2018 alle 20.49 Krassimir Markov <mar...@foibg.com> ha scritto: Dear Pedro and FIS Colleagues, I am glad to inform you that the paper which was created by a group of FIS members is ready. It is published with open access in the International Journal “Information Theories and Applications”, Volume 24, Number 4, pages 303-321. The title of the paper is “Data versus Information“. It contains a small part of FIS discussions but it is representative how creative is the FIS society! Many thanks to authors of the paper – more than three months we work on the paper! Links: IJ ITA Vol. 24: http://www.foibg.com/ijita/vol24/ijita-fv24.htm Direct link to the paper: http://www.foibg.com/ijita/vol24/ijita24-04-p01.pdf Friendly greetings Krassimir _______________________________________________ Fis mailing list Fis@listas.unizar.es http://listas.unizar.es/cgi-bin/mailman/listinfo/fis Arturo Tozzi AA Professor Physics, University North Texas Pediatrician ASL Na2Nord, Italy Comput Intell Lab, University Manitoba http://arturotozzi.webnode.it/ _______________________________________________ Fis mailing list Fis@listas.unizar.es http://listas.unizar.es/cgi-bin/mailman/listinfo/fis
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