Giorgos Keramidas wrote:
On 2005-12-16 23:09, David Miao <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> wrote:

Dear list,

I try to compile a hello world C++ program in FreeBSD 6.0, but get an
error as below:

[EMAIL PROTECTED] ~/cpp]% CC -o hello hello.C
hello.C: In function `int main()':
hello.C:5: error: `cout' undeclared (first use this function)
hello.C:5: error: (Each undeclared identifier is reported only once
for each function it appears in.)
hello.C:5: error: `endl' undeclared (first use this function)


==quote of hello world code==
#include <iostream>

int main()
{
   cout << "Hello World!" << endl;

   return 0;
}
== end of quote==


You have to add a line like this:

    using namespace std;

at the toplevel of your sources.  The example then works:

    [EMAIL PROTECTED]:51]/tmp$ CC hello.C
    [EMAIL PROTECTED]:52]/tmp$ ./a.out
    Hello World!
    [EMAIL PROTECTED]:52]/tmp$ diff -u hello.C.orig hello.C
    --- hello.C.orig        Fri Dec 16 18:51:26 2005
    +++ hello.C     Fri Dec 16 18:51:58 2005
    @@ -1,5 +1,7 @@
     #include <iostream>

    +using namespace std;
    +
     int main()
     {
         cout << "Hello World!" << endl;
    [EMAIL PROTECTED]:52]/tmp$

On 2005-12-16 10:31, Nathan Vidican <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> wrote:

gcc assumes a '.C' file is ANSI C, not C++, try:
mv hello.C hello.cpp && gcc -o hello.exe hello.cpp


Not really.  But it's a very good idea to use something that doesn't
only differ in the case of the name from plain ANCI C, because
transferring the files from Unix to other operating systems
(i.e. Windows) may lose the case of the names some times :-)

On 2005-12-16 10:41, "Louis J. LeBlanc" <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> wrote:

I'm not nearly as adept with C++ as I am with C, Perl, and a few other
geek tools, but doesn't C++ default to the std namespace if none is
specified?


It doesn't :-(

On 2005-12-17 00:13, David Miao <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> wrote:

Nathan,

I'm learning c++ programming language by using "The complete c++
training course - second edition" (Harvey Deitel & Paul Deitel), hello
world is the first program in this book.  I'm totally puzzled by this
complex language when I compile my first program. Is this book out of
date?


That's a pretty old book.  Judging from the sheer number of books these
authors have listed in Amazon, I think it's pretty safe to consider it
very out of date :(


This post may off topic of FreeBSD, sorry to other people...


That's ok.  The list is, after all, "for general FreeBSD questions" :)




If you want a GOOD book to start self-teaching C++, grab yourself 'C++ in 21 Days' it's a classic, but GREAT starter book.

--
Nathan Vidican
[EMAIL PROTECTED]
Windsor Match Plate & Tool Ltd.
http://www.wmptl.com/
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